jM2.me jM2.me - 1 month ago 11
C# Question

How do I load a byte[] array into a structure in C#?

Consider following structure where the length of both

username
and
password
is 17:

struct LoginPacket
{
public int unk1;
public string username;
public string password;
}


Also this byte array

00 00 00 00 6A 6D 32 6D 65 00 72 00 7A 76 72 00 98 FD 18 00 A0 68 65 72 65 49 73
70 61 73 73 00 00 00 00 00 FF FF 31 2E 30 30 2E 30 30 00 00 00 C7 9D 72 00 04 00
00 31 2E 31 30 2E 32 37 00 0C 2C F6 24 16 2C F6 24 16


Is it possible to load this byte array into the above structure? There is something called
Marshal
, but it doesn't quite work for me.

Answer

Here you are, this answer uses the marshalling system in .NET. The structure itself contains the recipe on how to decipher a byte array. If you can't do that, you need manual code.

void Main()
{
    byte[] bytes = new byte[]
    {
        0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x6A, 0x6D, 0x32, 0x6D, 0x65, 0x00, 0x72, 0x00, 0x7A, 0x76, 0x72, 0x00, 0x98, 0xFD, 0x18, 0x00, 0xA0, 0x68, 0x65, 0x72, 0x65, 0x49, 0x73,
        0x70, 0x61, 0x73, 0x73, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0x31, 0x2E, 0x30, 0x30, 0x2E, 0x30, 0x30, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0xC7, 0x9D, 0x72, 0x00, 0x04, 0x00,
        0x00, 0x31, 0x2E, 0x31, 0x30, 0x2E, 0x32, 0x37, 0x00, 0x0C, 0x2C, 0xF6, 0x24, 0x16, 0x2C, 0xF6, 0x24, 0x16
    };

    var packet = BytesToStructure<LoginPacket>(bytes);
    packet.Dump();
}

static T BytesToStructure<T>(byte[] bytes)
{
    int size = Marshal.SizeOf(typeof(T));
    if (bytes.Length < size)
        throw new Exception("Invalid parameter");

    IntPtr ptr = Marshal.AllocHGlobal(size);
    try
    {
        Marshal.Copy(bytes, 0, ptr, size);
        return (T)Marshal.PtrToStructure(ptr, typeof(T));
    }
    finally
    {
        Marshal.FreeHGlobal(ptr);
    }
}

[StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential, Pack = 1, CharSet=CharSet.Ansi)]
struct LoginPacket
{
    public int unk1;

    [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.ByValTStr, SizeConst=17)]
    public string username;
    [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.ByValTStr, SizeConst=17)]
    public string password;
}

When executed in LINQPad you get this:

unk1: 0 
username: jm2me 
password: hereIspass