benface benface - 1 year ago 79
Apache Configuration Question

How to make mod_rewrite redirect properly in a subdirectory without specifying the path?

Here's my issue:

Let's say I have a website,
. I have an application
located in a subdirectory of that domain's document root:


contains this

# Redirect trailing slash if not a directory
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
RewriteRule ^(.*)/$ /subdir/$1 [L,R=301]

It works. If I go to (obviously assuming
is not a directory), I get redirected to which is what I want.

But I don't want to have to specify
in the rewrite rule or anywhere in the
. I want to be able to change my application's path without breaking anything. I tried the following...

# Redirect trailing slash if not a directory
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
RewriteRule ^(.*)/$ $1 [L,R=301]

But I get redirected to:

I kind of understand why that happens (a relative path for the rewrite rule returns a file system path, whereas an absolute or root-absolute path returns a URL), but I cannot figure out how to achieve what I'm looking for.

Isn't there any way to have the capture group in
include the
part of the path? I also tried setting
RewriteBase /
but it doesn't seem to change anything.

Rewrite rules confuse me a lot, so any help would be greatly appreciated. Thank you!

Answer Source

You can use this rule without specifying subdir anywhere in .htaccess:

RewriteEngine On

# Remove trailing slash if not a directory
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} ^(/.+)/$
RewriteRule /$ %1 [L,R=301,NE]

Capturing path from RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} allows us to capture full URI path.

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