user431931 user431931 - 6 months ago 27
Linux Question

When setting IFS to split on newlines, why is it necessary to include a backspace?

I'm curious as to why the backspace is necessary when setting IFS to split on newlines like this:

IFS=$(echo -en "\n\b")


Why can I not just use this (which doesn't work) instead?

IFS=$(echo -en "\n")


I'm on a Linux system that is saving files with Unix line endings. I've converted my file with newlines to hex and it definitely only uses "0a" as the newline character.

I've googled a lot and although many pages document the newline followed by backspace solution, none that I have found explain why the backspace is required.

-David.

Answer

Because as bash manual says regarding command substitution:

Bash performs the expansion by executing command and replacing the command substitution with the standard output of the command, with any trailing newlines deleted.

So, by adding \b you prevent removal of \n.

A cleaner way to do this could be to use $'' quoting, like this:

IFS=$'\n'