Shabbyrobe Shabbyrobe - 1 month ago 12
Python Question

Python equivalent of PHP's memory_get_usage()?

I've already found the following question, but I was wondering if there was a quicker and dirtier way of grabbing an estimate of how much memory the python interpreter is currently using for my script that doesn't rely on external libraries.

I'm coming from PHP and used to use memory_get_usage() and memory_get_peak_usage() a lot for this purpose and I was hoping to find an equivalent.

Answer

A simple solution for Linux and other systems with /proc/self/status is the following code, which I use in a project of mine:

def memory_usage():
    """Memory usage of the current process in kilobytes."""
    status = None
    result = {'peak': 0, 'rss': 0}
    try:
        # This will only work on systems with a /proc file system
        # (like Linux).
        status = open('/proc/self/status')
        for line in status:
            parts = line.split()
            key = parts[0][2:-1].lower()
            if key in result:
                result[key] = int(parts[1])
    finally:
        if status is not None:
            status.close()
    return result

It returns the current and peak resident memory size (which is probably what people mean when they talk about how much RAM an application is using). It is easy to extend it to grab other pieces of information from the /proc/self/status file.

For the curious: the full output of cat /proc/self/status looks like this:

% cat /proc/self/status
Name:   cat
State:  R (running)
Tgid:   4145
Pid:    4145
PPid:   4103
TracerPid:      0
Uid:    1000    1000    1000    1000
Gid:    1000    1000    1000    1000
FDSize: 32
Groups: 20 24 25 29 40 44 46 100 1000 
VmPeak:     3580 kB
VmSize:     3580 kB
VmLck:         0 kB
VmHWM:       472 kB
VmRSS:       472 kB
VmData:      160 kB
VmStk:        84 kB
VmExe:        44 kB
VmLib:      1496 kB
VmPTE:        16 kB
Threads:        1
SigQ:   0/16382
SigPnd: 0000000000000000
ShdPnd: 0000000000000000
SigBlk: 0000000000000000
SigIgn: 0000000000000000
SigCgt: 0000000000000000
CapInh: 0000000000000000
CapPrm: 0000000000000000
CapEff: 0000000000000000
CapBnd: ffffffffffffffff
Cpus_allowed:   03
Cpus_allowed_list:      0-1
Mems_allowed:   1
Mems_allowed_list:      0
voluntary_ctxt_switches:        0
nonvoluntary_ctxt_switches:     0
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