Cameron S Cameron S - 3 months ago 20
Java Question

Java SQL Result to InputStream

I need a Java function that returns the results of a SQL

SELECT
query as an
InputStream
parameter for another system that sends the result over a network.

However, the
InputStream
must be of a
String
with custom delimiters (i.e. often, but not always, CSV).

While I can easily create a function to retrieve the result, create a delimited
String
, and finally convert that
String
to an
InputStream
, the SQL result will often be much too large to process in memory. Also, processing the entire result set before returning the result will incur an unwanted wait time.

How can I return an
InputStream
to iterate over the SQL result and send the processed (delimited) data as it is returned from the database?

Answer

Posting (not tested) code snippet, which should give you basic idea:

/**
 * Implementors of this interface should only convert current row to byte array and return it.
 * 
 * @author yura
 */
public interface RowToByteArrayConverter {
    byte[] rowToByteArray(ResultSet resultSet);
}

public class ResultSetAsInputStream extends InputStream {

    private final RowToByteArrayConverter converter;
    private final PreparedStatement statement;
    private final ResultSet resultSet;

    private byte[] buffer;
    private int position;

    public ResultSetAsInputStream(final RowToByteArrayConverter converter, final Connection connection, final String sql, final Object... parameters) throws SQLException {
        this.converter = converter;
        statement = createStatement(connection, sql, parameters);
        resultSet = statement.executeQuery();
    }

    private static PreparedStatement createStatement(final Connection connection, final String sql, final Object[] parameters) {
        // PreparedStatement should be created here from passed connection, sql and parameters
        return null;
    }

    @Override
    public int read() throws IOException {
        try {
            if(buffer == null) {
                // first call of read method
                if(!resultSet.next()) {
                    return -1; // no rows - empty input stream
                } else {
                    buffer = converter.rowToByteArray(resultSet);
                    position = 0;
                    return buffer[position++] & (0xff);
                }
            } else {
                // not first call of read method
                if(position < buffer.length) {
                    // buffer already has some data in, which hasn't been read yet - returning it
                    return buffer[position++] & (0xff);
                } else {
                    // all data from buffer was read - checking whether there is next row and re-filling buffer
                    if(!resultSet.next()) {
                        return -1; // the buffer was read to the end and there is no rows - end of input stream
                    } else {
                        // there is next row - converting it to byte array and re-filling buffer
                        buffer = converter.rowToByteArray(resultSet);
                        position = 0;
                        return buffer[position++] & (0xff);
                    }
                }
            }
        } catch(final SQLException ex) {
            throw new IOException(ex);
        }
    }



    @Override
    public void close() throws IOException {
        try {
            statement.close();
        } catch(final SQLException ex) {
            throw new IOException(ex);
        }
    }
}

This is very straight-forward implementation and it can be improved in following ways:

  • code duplication between if and else in read method can be removed - it was posted just for clarification
  • instead of re-creating byte array buffer for each row (new byte[] is costly operation), more sophisticated logic can be implemented to use byte array buffer which is initialised only once and then re-filled. One then should change RowToByteArrayConverter.rowToByteArray method's signature to int fillByteArrayFromRow(ResultSet rs, byte[] array) which should return number of bytes filled and fill passed byte array.

Because byte array contains signed bytes it can contain -1 (which is actually 255 as unsigned byte) and thus indicate incorrect end of stream, so & (0xff) is used to convert signed byte to unsigned bytes as integer values. For details refer to how conversion of int to byte happens in java?.

Please also note that if network transfer speed is slow, this may keep open result sets for a long time, thus posing problems for the database.

Hope this helps ...

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