OXXY OXXY - 1 month ago 8
Objective-C Question

How to convert bytearray to image in Objective-C

This is the Case

i have an unsigned char pointer to BMP image data

after i loop with the pointer i achieved a byte array contain int values 0 - 255

What i want is convert this values in the array to BMP image
to display it in UIImage.

**the image is in gray scale

Answer Source

This code snippet is from this blog, I recommend you take a look there and the project site in Github

Also Note that this class method works for RGB8 Images, so you will need to make changes in bitsPerPixel (it should be 8 for grayscale), bytesPerRow (1 * width), bufferLength (remove * 4) and create colorSpaceRef using CGColorCreateGenericGray instead.

Also I've noticed that creating the color space with CGColorCreateGenericGray assumes that your array has alpha info. So maybe you should add an alpha byte for each pixel to make it work properly.

+ (UIImage *) convertBitmapRGBA8ToUIImage:(unsigned char *) buffer 
            withWidth:(int) width
           withHeight:(int) height {


    size_t bufferLength = width * height * 4;
    CGDataProviderRef provider = CGDataProviderCreateWithData(NULL, buffer, bufferLength, NULL);
    size_t bitsPerComponent = 8;
    size_t bitsPerPixel = 32;
    size_t bytesPerRow = 4 * width;

    CGColorSpaceRef colorSpaceRef = CGColorSpaceCreateDeviceRGB();
    if(colorSpaceRef == NULL) {
        NSLog(@"Error allocating color space");
        CGDataProviderRelease(provider);
        return nil;
    }

    CGBitmapInfo bitmapInfo = kCGBitmapByteOrderDefault | kCGImageAlphaPremultipliedLast;
    CGColorRenderingIntent renderingIntent = kCGRenderingIntentDefault;

    CGImageRef iref = CGImageCreate(width, 
                height, 
                bitsPerComponent, 
                bitsPerPixel, 
                bytesPerRow, 
                colorSpaceRef, 
                bitmapInfo, 
                provider,   // data provider
                NULL,       // decode
                YES,            // should interpolate
                renderingIntent);

    uint32_t* pixels = (uint32_t*)malloc(bufferLength);

    if(pixels == NULL) {
        NSLog(@"Error: Memory not allocated for bitmap");
        CGDataProviderRelease(provider);
        CGColorSpaceRelease(colorSpaceRef);
        CGImageRelease(iref);       
        return nil;
    }

    CGContextRef context = CGBitmapContextCreate(pixels, 
                 width, 
                 height, 
                 bitsPerComponent, 
                 bytesPerRow, 
                 colorSpaceRef, 
                 bitmapInfo); 

    if(context == NULL) {
        NSLog(@"Error context not created");
        free(pixels);
    }

    UIImage *image = nil;
    if(context) {

        CGContextDrawImage(context, CGRectMake(0.0f, 0.0f, width, height), iref);

        CGImageRef imageRef = CGBitmapContextCreateImage(context);

        // Support both iPad 3.2 and iPhone 4 Retina displays with the correct scale
        if([UIImage respondsToSelector:@selector(imageWithCGImage:scale:orientation:)]) {
            float scale = [[UIScreen mainScreen] scale];
            image = [UIImage imageWithCGImage:imageRef scale:scale orientation:UIImageOrientationUp];
        } else {
            image = [UIImage imageWithCGImage:imageRef];
        }

        CGImageRelease(imageRef);   
        CGContextRelease(context);  
    }

    CGColorSpaceRelease(colorSpaceRef);
    CGImageRelease(iref);
    CGDataProviderRelease(provider);

    if(pixels) {
        free(pixels);
    }   
    return image;
}