Alex B Alex B - 1 year ago 82
Python Question

How to make "int" parse blank strings?

I have a parsing system for fixed-length text records based on a layout table:

parse_table = [\
('name', type, length),
('numeric_field', int, 10), # int example
('textc_field', str, 100), # string example

The idea is that given a table for a message type, I just go through the string, and reconstruct a dictionary out of it, according to entries in the table.

Now, I can handle strings and proper integers, but
will not parse all-spaces fields (for a good reason, of course).

I wanted to handle it by defining a subclass of
that handles blank strings. This way I could go and change the type of appropriate table entries without introducing additional kludges in the parsing code (like filters), and it would "just work".

But I can't figure out how to override the constructor of a build-in type in a sub-type, as defining constructor in the subclass does not seem to help. I feel I'm missing something fundamental here about how Python built-in types work.

How should I approach this? I'm also open to alternatives that don't add too much complexity.

Answer Source

Use a factory function instead of int or a subclass of int:

def mk_int(s):
    s = s.strip()
    return int(s) if s else 0
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