James Dawson James Dawson - 1 year ago 109
Javascript Question

Flip a sprite in canvas

I'm using canvas to display some sprites, and I need to flip one horizontally (so it faces left or right). I can't see any method to do that with

, however.

Here's my relevant code:

this.idleSprite = new Image();
this.idleSprite.src = "/game/images/idleSprite.png";
this.idleSprite.frameWidth = 28;
this.idleSprite.frameHeight = 40;
this.idleSprite.frames = 12;
this.idleSprite.frameCount = 0;

this.draw = function() {
if(this.state == "idle") {
c.drawImage(this.idleSprite, this.idleSprite.frameWidth * this.idleSprite.frameCount, 0, this.idleSprite.frameWidth, this.idleSprite.frameHeight, this.xpos, this.ypos, this.idleSprite.frameWidth, this.idleSprite.frameHeight);
if(this.idleSprite.frameCount < this.idleSprite.frames - 1) { this.idleSprite.frameCount++; } else { this.idleSprite.frameCount = 0; }
} else if(this.state == "running") {
c.drawImage(this.runningSprite, this.runningSprite.frameWidth * this.runningSprite.frameCount, 0, this.runningSprite.frameWidth, this.runningSprite.frameHeight, this.xpos, this.ypos, this.runningSprite.frameWidth, this.runningSprite.frameHeight);
if(this.runningSprite.frameCount < this.runningSprite.frames - 1) { this.runningSprite.frameCount++; } else { this.runningSprite.frameCount = 0; }

As you can see, I'm using the
method to draw my sprites to the canvas. The only way to flip a sprite that I can see is to flip/rotate the entire canvas, which isn't what I want to do.

Is there a way to do that? Or will I need to make a new sprite facing the other way and use that?

Answer Source

You can transform the canvas drawing context without flipping the entire canvas.

c.scale(-1, 1);

will mirror the context. Draw your image, then


and you can draw normally again. For more information, see https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/Guide/HTML/Canvas_tutorial/Transformations