James A. Rosen James A. Rosen - 4 months ago 9
Javascript Question

How do I output an ISO 8601 formatted string in JavaScript?

I have a

Date
object. How do I render the
title
portion of the following snippet?


<abbr title="2010-04-02T14:12:07">A couple days ago</abbr>


I have the "relative time in words" portion from another library.

I've tried the following:

function isoDate(msSinceEpoch) {

var d = new Date(msSinceEpoch);
return d.getUTCFullYear() + '-' + (d.getUTCMonth() + 1) + '-' + d.getUTCDate() + 'T' +
d.getUTCHours() + ':' + d.getUTCMinutes() + ':' + d.getUTCSeconds();

}


But that gives me:

"2010-4-2T3:19"

Answer

There is already a function called toISOString():

var date = new Date();
date.toISOString(); //"2011-12-19T15:28:46.493Z"

If, somehow, you're on a browser that doesn't support it, I've got you covered:

if ( !Date.prototype.toISOString ) {
  ( function() {

    function pad(number) {
      var r = String(number);
      if ( r.length === 1 ) {
        r = '0' + r;
      }
      return r;
    }

    Date.prototype.toISOString = function() {
      return this.getUTCFullYear()
        + '-' + pad( this.getUTCMonth() + 1 )
        + '-' + pad( this.getUTCDate() )
        + 'T' + pad( this.getUTCHours() )
        + ':' + pad( this.getUTCMinutes() )
        + ':' + pad( this.getUTCSeconds() )
        + '.' + String( (this.getUTCMilliseconds()/1000).toFixed(3) ).slice( 2, 5 )
        + 'Z';
    };

  }() );
}
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