narayanpatra narayanpatra - 19 days ago 8
Java Question

How to create a table in Android with multiple columns?

I want to create a table in android with multiple column. Most of the examples I saw is with 2 columns. (I am new to Java and Android.) I need 3-4 columns and I should be able to add the rows dynamically in the table. Can anyone provide me a sample code. (I am using eclipse in win 7)

Answer

I assume you're talking about a TableLayout view and not a table in a database??

If so, here's an XML example of a table with three columns and three rows.

Each < TableRow > element creates a row in the table, and each view inside the element creates a "column". I've used TextViews, but they can be ImageViews, EditText, etc.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>

<TableLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
         android:id = "@+id/RHE"
         android:layout_width="wrap_content"
         android:layout_height="wrap_content"
         android:layout_weight="0"
         android:padding="5dp">

     <TableRow android:layout_height="wrap_content">
         <TextView
             android:id="@+id/runLabel"
             android:text="R"
             android:layout_height="wrap_content"
             />
         <TextView
             android:id="@+id/hitLabel"
             android:text="H"
             android:layout_height="wrap_content"
             />
         <TextView
             android:id="@+id/errorLabel"
             android:text="E"
             android:layout_height="wrap_content"
             />
     </TableRow>

     <TableRow android:layout_height="wrap_content">
         <TextView
             android:id="@+id/visitorRuns"
             android:text="0"
             android:layout_height="wrap_content"
             />
         <TextView
             android:id="@+id/visitorHits"
             android:text="0"
             android:layout_height="wrap_content"
             />
         <TextView
             android:id="@+id/visitorErrors"
             android:text="0"
             android:layout_height="wrap_content"
             />
     </TableRow>

     <TableRow android:layout_height="wrap_content">
         <TextView
             android:id="@+id/homeRuns"
             android:text="0"
             android:layout_height="wrap_content"
             />
         <TextView
             android:id="@+id/homeHits"
             android:text="0"
             android:layout_height="wrap_content"
             />
         <TextView
             android:id="@+id/homeErrors"
             android:text="0"
             android:layout_height="wrap_content"
             />
     </TableRow>
</TableLayout>

To dynamically change these in the code, you'd have something like this:

// reference the table layout
TableLayout tbl = (TableLayout)findViewById(R.id.RHE);
// delcare a new row
TableRow newRow = new TableRow(this);
// add views to the row
newRow.addView(new TextView(this)); // you would actually want to set properties on this before adding it
// add the row to the table layout
tbl.addView(newRow);
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