daniel the man daniel the man - 2 months ago 11
C++ Question

using sprintf with std::string in c++

I am using

sprintf
function in C++ 11, in the following way:

std::string toString()
{
std::string output;
uint32_t strSize=512;
do
{
output.reserve(strSize);
int ret = sprintf(output.c_str(), "Type=%u Version=%u ContentType=%u contentFormatVersion=%u magic=%04x Seg=%u",
INDEX_RECORD_TYPE_SERIALIZATION_HEADER,
FORAMT_VERSION,
contentType,
contentFormatVersion,
magic,
segmentId);

strSize *= 2;
} while (ret < 0);

return output;
}


Is there any better way to do this, than to check every time if the reserved space was enough? For future possibility of adding more things.

Answer

Your construct -- writing into the buffer received from c_str() -- is undefined behaviour, even if you checked the string's capacity beforehand. (The return value is a pointer to const char, and the function itself marked const, for a reason.)

Don't mix C and C++, especially not for writing into internal object representation. (That is breaking very basic OOP.) Use C++, for type safety and not running into conversion specifier / parameter mismatches, if for nothing else.

std::ostringstream s;
s << "Type=" << INDEX_RECORD_TYPE_SERIALIZATION_HEADER
  << " Version=" << FORMAT_VERSION
  // ...and so on...
  ;
std::string output = s.str();

Alternative:

std::string output = "Type=" + std::to_string( INDEX_RECORD_TYPE_SERIALIZATION_HEADER )
                   + " Version=" + std::to_string( FORMAT_VERSION )
                   // ...and so on...
                   ;
Comments