baubali baubali - 16 days ago 5
MySQL Question

php POST form query update dinamic variable

i have this form

<form method="post" action="process.php">
Name: <input type="text" name="name" value="">
<br />
English: <input type="text" name="english" value="">
<br />
French: <input type="text" name="french" value="">
<br />
<input type="submit" name="submit" value="Submit">
</form>


and we make this query on process.php

$query = "
UPDATE
`translations_structure`
SET
`updated_on` = '".time()."',
`english` = '".utf8_encode($english)."',
`french` = '".utf8_encode($french)."'
WHERE
`id` = '".$id."'";


and if i edit the table languages and add more languages the form dynamically will modify to lets say this example

<form method="post" action="process.php">
Name: <input type="text" name="name" value="">
<br />
English: <input type="text" name="english" value="">
<br />
French: <input type="text" name="french" value="">
<br />
Spanish: <input type="text" name="spanish" value="">
<br />
German: <input type="text" name="german" value="">
<br />
<input type="submit" name="submit" value="Submit">
</form>


and the query i need to dynamically be edited

$query = "
UPDATE
`translations_structure`
SET
`updated_on` = '".time()."',
`english` = '".utf8_encode($english)."',
`french` = '".utf8_encode($french)."',
`spanish` = '".utf8_encode($spanish)."',
`german` = '".utf8_encode($german)."'
WHERE
`id` = '".$id."'";


what i don't understand is how i make this dynamically inside the query the code


*the name of the form field is the same of the name of the variable i POST

*and the name of the column from the table is the same of the name of the POST


`english` = '".utf8_encode($english)."',
`french` = '".utf8_encode($french)."',
`spanish` = '".utf8_encode($spanish)."',
`german` = '".utf8_encode($german)."',
`other_language` = '".utf8_encode($other_language)."',
`other_language2` = '".utf8_encode($other_language2)."'


here above i have explained how i make the query but i cant understand how to write the variables



I know is a little bit difficult what i need but maybe someone understand what i need



thank you



Above this line is the edited message because someone flagged this message answered











I will explain first what i want to do:


I have a table called "translations" where i store the languages. ex: english, french, spanish, etc.

I use a form to update the new values, the problem is that i want to doit dynamic not to insert this query on every php file manually because the languages table will grow or edit and i want to work dynamically not to edit every php file.

the variables name are the same like fields name in data base
i manage to make an array for the names on table translations

this is what i have until now to make it dynamic
the problem is i don't know how to insert variables in the query $_POST['english'], $_POST['french'], etc

$db = new DB();
$query = $db->query("SELECT * FROM `translations_languages` ORDER BY `name` ASC");
while($row = $query->fetch_assoc()){
$values[] = "`{$row['name']}` = '{$row['name']}'";
}

$dynamic_result = "".strtolower(implode(",", $values))."";
$query = "
UPDATE
`translations_structure`
SET
`updated_on` = '".time()."',
$dynamic_result
WHERE
`id` = '".$id."'
";

echo "$query";


and this is how the query looks normaly

$query = "
UPDATE
`translations_structure`
SET
`updated_on` = '".time()."',
`english` = '".utf8_encode($english)."',
`french` = '".utf8_encode($french)."',
`spanish` = '".utf8_encode($spanish)."'
WHERE
`id` = '".$id."'";


i want to add to the query this values

`english` = '".utf8_encode($english)."',
`french` = '".utf8_encode($french)."',
`spanish` = '".utf8_encode($spanish)."'

Answer

you just need to create a dynamic update array. Something like this:

$languagesToUpdate = array();

// this is an example, you should modify as your script:

// create a variable/constant to make sure you update only allowed fields
$allowedLanguages = array('english' => true, 'french' => true, 'spanish' => true, 'german' => true, 'other_language' => true);

// iterate threw post and check for allowed languages and add to languagesToUpdate the language we need to update with it's value
foreach ($_POST as $post => $value) {
    if (isset($allowedLanguages[$post]) && $allowedLanguages[$post]) {
        $languagesToUpdate[] = '`' . $post . '` = "' . utf8_encode($value) . '"';
    }
}

// add additional data like updated_on
$languagesToUpdate[] = '`updated_on` = ' . time() . '';

//update database
$db = 'UPDATE `translations_structure` SET '.implode(', ', $languagesToUpdate).' WHERE `id` = '.(int)$id;

// this will produce something like this:
// UPDATE `translations_structure` SET `english` = "English text", `spanish` = "Spanish text", `updated_on` = 1479720637 WHERE `id` = 1