Jazz Jazz - 9 months ago 70
Java Question

java.lang.NoSuchMethodError when the method definitely exists

I have a Spring framework based Java web application, which has been built in SpringSource Tool Suite ("STS"), and a local copy of Apache Tomcat. We also have a internal production server, again running Tomcat.

When I run the application on my development machine, and carry out a specific action in the web application, everything works correctly. However, when I deploy the web application to Tomcat on the server (via a war file produced by maven), and repeat those aforementioned specific actions, I'm presented with some unexpected behaviour. When I checked the server tomcat log file, I found this...

2011-11-16 19:36:45,090 [http-8280-Processor1] ERROR [attachments] invoke - Servlet.service() for servlet attachments threw exception java.lang.NoSuchMethodError: net.wmfs.coalesce.aa.dao.MediaDao.updateAlfrescoNodeRef(Ljava/lang/Long;Ljava/lang/String;)V
at net.wmfs.coalesce.aa.service.impl.MediaServiceImpl.doFileUpload(MediaServiceImpl.java:102)
at net.wmfs.coalesce.aa.servlet.MediaServlet.doFileUpload(MediaServlet.java:83)
at net.wmfs.coalesce.aa.servlet.MediaServlet.doPost(MediaServlet.java:55)

Now, the updateAlfrescoNodeRef method definitly exists in the MediaDao class - otherwise my code would not compile in STS...

package net.wmfs.coalesce.aa.dao;

public class MediaDao extends JdbcDaoSupport {

public void updateAlfrescoNodeRef(final Long recordId, final String nodeRef) {
// java code

As you can see, the method signature is correct.

I suspected that there may have been a problem when maven produced the war file, so I extracted the war files contents. In the WEB-INF/lib folder, I found the jar file which holds the MediaDao class, and extracted its contents. I then did a...

cat ./MediaDao.class

Now, as class files are binary files, I mostly saw gobledegook. However, I was able to clearly make out references to the updateAlfrescoNodeRef method, as well as the contents of a String in that method. So, this means that the method is definitely there.

The bean configuration in the Spring framework XML files is definitely correct, or the code would not run when I execute it on my development machine.

Googling suggested a library conflict on the server, but all the referenced classes - MediaServlet, MediaServiceImpl, MediaDao - are in the main project (the one with the WEB-INF folder in it). While its conceivable there may be multiple copies of the dependencies on the server, there is definitely only one copy of the main project jar.

Does anyone have any ideas why this is happening?

Answer Source

The problem has now been resolved. Thank you everyone for your assistance.

It turns out that the main project had a dependency which had another MediaDao class, in exactly the same package path. Someone had basically copied the class into that dependency (as a library resource so that lots of projects could use it without specifying the main project as a dependency). However, that someone had not removed the class in the main project.

So, when I modified the class in the main project (I added the updateAlfrescoNodeRef method), and ran the application in STS on my machine, Tomcat used the version of the class in the main project, and not in the library because the library project was closed. When the application was deployed to the server however, it looks like the version of the class in the library was used instead (which, of course, didn't have the updateAlfrescoNodeRef method in it).

Expert tip if you ever find yourself in a similar situation: In STS, press CTRL+SHIFT+T to open the "Open Type" dialog, and enter the name of the problematic class to see a list of projects that have a class with that name.