Fouzi Fouzi - 6 months ago 32
MySQL Question

How to group continuous ranges using MySQL

I have a table that contains categories, dates and rates. Each category can have different rates for different dates, one category can have only one rate at a given date.

Id CatId Date Rate
------ ------ ------------ ---------
000001 12 2009-07-07 1
000002 12 2009-07-08 1
000003 12 2009-07-09 1
000004 12 2009-07-10 2
000005 12 2009-07-15 1
000006 12 2009-07-16 1
000007 13 2009-07-08 1
000008 13 2009-07-09 1
000009 14 2009-07-07 2
000010 14 2009-07-08 1
000010 14 2009-07-10 1


Unique index (catid, Date, Rate)
I would like for each category to group all continuous dates ranges and keep only the begin and the end of the range.
For the previous example, we would have:

CatId Begin End Rate
------ ------------ ------------ ---------
12 2009-07-07 2009-07-09 1
12 2009-07-10 2009-07-10 2
12 2009-07-15 2009-07-16 1
13 2009-07-08 2009-07-09 1
14 2009-07-07 2009-07-07 2
14 2009-07-08 2009-07-08 1
14 2009-07-10 2009-07-10 1


I found a similar solution in the forum which did not exactly give the result

WITH q AS
(
SELECT *,
ROW_NUMBER() OVER (PARTITION BY CatId, Rate ORDER BY [Date]) AS rnd,
ROW_NUMBER() OVER (PARTITION BY CatId ORDER BY [Date]) AS rn
FROM my_table
)
SELECT CatId AS catidd, MIN([Date]) as beginn, MAX([Date])as endd, Rate
FROM q
GROUP BY CatId, rnd - rn, Rate


SEE SQL FIDDLE
How can I do the same thing in mysql?
Please help!

Answer

MySQL doesn't support analytic functions, but you can emulate such behaviour with user-defined variables:

SELECT   CatID, Begin, MAX(Date) AS End, Rate
FROM (
  SELECT   my_table.*,
           @f:=CONVERT(
             IF(@c<=>CatId AND @r<=>Rate AND DATEDIFF(Date, @d)=1, @f, Date), DATE
           ) AS Begin,
           @c:=CatId, @d:=Date, @r:=Rate
  FROM     my_table JOIN (SELECT @c:=NULL) AS init
  ORDER BY CatId, Rate, Date
) AS t
GROUP BY CatID, Begin, Rate

See it on sqlfiddle.

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