Kenny - 7 months ago 22

Javascript Question

I could find resources on the operation of

`Zero-fill right shift`

`15 >>> 2`

`3`

I kind of understand how we get 3 from 15 by using this operation, but I have no idea the meaning and purpose of this operation.

Here I want to understand the logic of

`d3.bisector`

`d3.bisector`

`>>>`

`var mid = lo + hi >>> 1;`

According to the purpose of this function

`d3.bisector`

`mid`

`a`

`lo + hi >>> 1`

`var a = 0 + 5 >>> 1;`

console.log(a); // 2

var a = 0 + 6 >>> 1;

console.log(a); // 3

var a = 1 + 6 >>> 1;

console.log(a); //3

These examples seem to confirm the assumption. So, here are my questions

- is to find middle index of an array?
`var mid = lo + hi >>> 1;`

- if it is, then why and how such operation could achieve it? at this stage, this code is like a black box, I know its purpose or what the outcome is for, but I understand no why, nor I can use in any other cases.
`>>>`

Thanks

Answer

The bitwise operators >> and >>> are often used to perform fast integer division by 2.

For a positive number `a`

, `a >>> n`

equals `Math.trunc(a / Math.pow(2, n))`

The ordinary division operator is quite slow compared to bitwise shifting, which explains why it is often used whenever the divisor is a multiple of 2.

Beware: all bitwise operators convert their operands to 32 bit two-complements, thus reducing the effective range of a. Using >>> instead of >> guarantees that the result is always a positive number and returns the expected result for a in [0, 2^32-1]. This is desirable when working with arrays whose indices are always within this range.