treecoder treecoder - 7 months ago 12
Python Question

Python: confusions with urljoin

I am trying to form URLs from different pieces, and having trouble understanding the behavior of this method. For example:

Python 3.x

from urllib.parse import urljoin

>>> urljoin('some', 'thing')
'thing'
>>> urljoin('http://some', 'thing')
'http://some/thing'
>>> urljoin('http://some/more', 'thing')
'http://some/thing'
>>> urljoin('http://some/more/', 'thing') # just a tad / after 'more'
'http://some/more/thing'
urljoin('http://some/more/', '/thing')
'http://some/thing'


Can you explain the exact behavior of this method?

Answer

The best way (for me) to think of this is the first argument, base is like the page you are on in your browser. The second argument url is the href of an anchor on that page. The result is the final url to which you will be directed should you click.

>>> urljoin('some', 'thing')
'thing'

This one makes sense give my description. Though one would hope base includes a scheme and domain.

>>> urljoin('http://some', 'thing')
'http://some/thing'

If you are on a vhost some, and there is an anchor like <a href='thing'>Foo</a> then the link will take you to http://some/thing

>>> urljoin('http://some/more', 'thing')
'http://some/thing'

We are on some/more here, so a relative link of thing will take us to /some/thing

>>> urljoin('http://some/more/', 'thing') # just a tad / after 'more'
'http://some/more/thing'

Here, we aren't on some/more, we are on some/more/ which is different. Now, our relative link will take us to some/more/thing

>>> urljoin('http://some/more/', '/thing')
'http://some/thing'

And lastly. If on some/more/ and the href is to /thing, you will be linked to some/thing.