user996839 user996839 - 1 year ago 85
C Question

Initialize a GObject with parameters which are not GObject properties?

I have a GObject "A" which creates an instance of another GObject "B" in its constructor. The "B" object needs to be passed several construction-only properties. Now when creating an instance of object "A" I want to allow passing values for these properties through the constructor of object "A" on to the constructor of object "B". The only way I have found to do that was to create identical properties for object "A" and pass their values on to the constructor of "B". These properties would have no further meaning to "A" so this seems like a kludge, is there a better way to do what I want?

Answer Source
  • Have A inherit from B. Then A has all of B's properties automatically.
  • Don't use properties in A, but instead pass B's properties (or even better, an already-constructed B object) as parameters to A's constructor.
  • Delay construction of B until A can figure out how it nees to configure B. Add a private flag to A, b_initialized or something, that tells you whether A's internal pointer to B is valid.

Some more clarification on the second suggestion:

A's stuff is constructed in the a_init() function that is provided for by the G_DEFINE_TYPE() macro. But that's not how you get an instance of A. It's usual to write a function, which is part of the public interface of A, like this:

A *a_new() 
    return (A *)g_object_new(TYPE_A, NULL);

You can easily extend this to include other parameters:

A *a_new(int b_param_1, int b_param_2)
    A *a = (A *)g_object_new(TYPE_A, NULL);
    a->priv->b = b_new(b_param_1, b_param_2);
    return a;

This has the disadvantage of leaving your A object in an invalid state (i.e., without a B) if you construct it using g_object_new, for example if you're trying to build it from a GtkBuilder file. If that's a problem, I still strongly suggest refactoring.

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