Zilore Mumba Zilore Mumba - 12 days ago 6
R Question

Plotting contours on an irregular grid

I have gone through pages and pages of contour plots in R (including many hints on stackoverflow) without success. Here is my data to contour, including adding a map of Rwanda (the data consists of 14 values of longitude, latitude and rain as x,y and z):

Lon Lat Rain
28.92 -2.47 83.4
29.02 -2.68 144
29.25 -1.67 134.7
29.42 -2.07 174.9
29.55 -1.58 151.5
29.57 -2.48 224.1
29.6 -1.5 254.3
29.72 -2.18 173.9
30.03 -1.95 154.8
30.05 -1.6 152.2
30.13 -1.97 126.2
30.33 -1.3 98.5
30.45 -1.81 145.5
30.5 -2.15 151.3


Here is the code I tried from stackoverflow:

datr <- read.table("Apr0130precip.txt",header=TRUE,sep=",")
x <- datr$x
y <- datr$y
z <- datr$z

require(akima)

fld <- interp(x,y,z)

par(mar=c(5,5,1,1))
filled.contour(fld)


The interpolation fails.help will be appreciated.

Answer

Something like this?

library(akima)

# interpolation
fld <- with(df, interp(x = Lon, y = Lat, z = Rain))

filled.contour(x = fld$x,
               y = fld$y,
               z = fld$z,
               color.palette =
                 colorRampPalette(c("white", "blue")),
               xlab = "Longitude",
               ylab = "Latitude",
               main = "Rwandan rainfall",
               key.title = title(main = "Rain (mm)", cex.main = 1))

enter image description here

ggplot alternative

library(ggplot)
library(reshape2)

# prepare data in long format
df <- melt(fld$z, na.rm = TRUE)
names(df) <- c("x", "y", "Rain")
df$Lon <- fld$x[df$x]
df$Lat <- fld$y[df$y]

ggplot(data = df, aes(x = Lon, y = Lat, z = Rain)) +
  geom_tile(aes(fill = Rain)) +
  stat_contour() +
  ggtitle("Rwandan rainfall") +
  xlab("Longitude") +
  ylab("Latitude") +
  scale_fill_continuous(name = "Rain (mm)",
                        low = "white", high = "blue") +
  theme(plot.title = element_text(size = 25, face = "bold"),
        legend.title = element_text(size = 15),
        axis.text = element_text(size = 15),
        axis.title.x = element_text(size = 20, vjust = -0.5),
        axis.title.y = element_text(size = 20, vjust = 0.2),
        legend.text = element_text(size = 10))

enter image description here

Update 1. A simple map example: grab a Google Map using ggmap

# grab a map. get_map creates a raster object
library(ggmap)
rwanda1 <- get_map(location = c(lon = 29.75, lat = -2),
                  zoom = 9,
                  maptype = "toner",
                  source = "stamen")
# alternative map
# rwanda2 <- get_map(location = c(lon = 29.75, lat = -2),
#                   zoom = 9,
#                   maptype = "terrain")

# plot the raster map
g1 <- ggmap(rwanda1)
g1

# plot map and rain data
# use coord_map with default mercator projection
g1 + 
  geom_tile(data = df, aes(x = Lon, y = Lat, z = Rain, fill = Rain), alpha = 0.8) +
  stat_contour(data = df, aes(x = Lon, y = Lat, z = Rain)) +
  ggtitle("Rwandan rainfall") +
  xlab("Longitude") +
  ylab("Latitude") +
  scale_fill_continuous(name = "Rain (mm)",
                        low = "white", high = "blue") +
  theme(plot.title = element_text(size = 25, face = "bold"),
        legend.title = element_text(size = 15),
        axis.text = element_text(size = 15),
        axis.title.x = element_text(size = 20, vjust = -0.5),
        axis.title.y = element_text(size = 20, vjust = 0.2),
        legend.text = element_text(size = 10)) +
  coord_map()

enter image description here

Update 2. Get map from shapefiles

# Since I don't have your map object, I do like this instead:
# get map data from
# http://biogeo.ucdavis.edu/data/diva/adm/RWA_adm.zip
# unzip files to folder named "rwanda"

# read shapefile with rgdal::readOGR
# just try the first out of three shapefiles, which seemed to work.
# 'dsn' (data source name) is the folder where the shapefile is located
# 'layer' is the name of the shapefile without the .shp extension.

library(rgdal)
rwa <- readOGR(dsn = "rwanda", layer = "RWA_adm0")
class(rwa)
# [1] "SpatialPolygonsDataFrame"

# convert SpatialPolygonsDataFrame object to data.frame
rwa2 <- fortify(rwa)
class(rwa2)
# [1] "data.frame"

# plot map and raindata  
ggplot() + 
  geom_polygon(data = rwa2, aes(x = long, y = lat, group = group),
               colour = "black", size = 0.5, fill = "white") +
  geom_tile(data = df, aes(x = Lon, y = Lat, z = Rain, fill = Rain), alpha = 0.8) +
  stat_contour(data = df, aes(x = Lon, y = Lat, z = Rain)) +
  ggtitle("Rwandan rainfall") +
  xlab("Longitude") +
  ylab("Latitude") +
  scale_fill_continuous(name = "Rain (mm)",
                        low = "white", high = "blue") +
  theme_bw() +
  theme(plot.title = element_text(size = 25, face = "bold"),
        legend.title = element_text(size = 15),
        axis.text = element_text(size = 15),
        axis.title.x = element_text(size = 20, vjust = -0.5),
        axis.title.y = element_text(size = 20, vjust = 0.2),
        legend.text = element_text(size = 10)) +
  coord_map()

enter image description here

The interpolation and plotting of your rainfall data could of course be done in a much more sophisticated way, using the nice tools for spatial data in R. Consider my answer a quick and fairly easy start.