Sai Kiran Sai Kiran - 5 months ago 46
Android Question

How to create empty constructor for data class in Kotlin Android

I have 10+ parameter in a data class, I want initialize the data class with empty constructor and set the values only for few parameters using setter and pass the object to server.

data class Activity(
var updated_on: String,
var tags: List<String>,
var description: String,
var user_id: List<Int>,
var status_id: Int,
var title: String,
var created_at: String,
var data: HashMap<*, *>,
var id: Int,
var counts: LinkedTreeMap<*, *>,
)


//Something like this will be easy
val activity = Activity(); //but it needs all the parameters
activity.title = "New Computer"
sendToServer(activity)


//It requires all the paraments, How to avoid this and use something like above code
val activity = Activity(null,null,null,null,null,"New Computer",null,null,null,null);
sendToServer(activity)

Answer

You have 2 options here:

  1. Assign a default value to each primary constructor parameter:

    data class Activity(
        var updated_on: String = "",
        var tags: List<String> = emptyList(),
        var description: String = "",
        var user_id: List<Int> = emptyList(),
        var status_id: Int = -1,
        var title: String = "",
        var created_at: String = "",
        var data: HashMap<*, *> = hashMapOf<Any, Any>(),
        var id: Int = -1,
        var counts: LinkedTreeMap<*, *> = LinkedTreeMap<Any, Any>()
    ) 
    
  2. Declare a secondary constructor that has no parameters:

    data class Activity(
        var updated_on: String,
        var tags: List<String>,
        var description: String,
        var user_id: List<Int>,
        var status_id: Int,
        var title: String,
        var created_at: String,
        var data: HashMap<*, *>,
        var id: Int,
        var counts: LinkedTreeMap<*, *>
    ) {
        constructor():this("", emptyList(), "", emptyList(), -1, "", "", hashMapOf<Any, Any>(), -1, LinkedTreeMap<Any, Any>())
    }
    

If you don't rely on copy or equals of the Activity class or don't use the autogenerated data class methods at all you could use regular class like so:

class ActivityDto {
    var updated_on: String = "",
    var tags: List<String> = emptyList(),
    var description: String = "",
    var user_id: List<Int> = emptyList(),
    var status_id: Int = -1,
    var title: String = "",
    var created_at: String = "",
    var data: HashMap<*, *> = hashMapOf<Any, Any>(),
    var id: Int = -1,
    var counts: LinkedTreeMap<*, *> = LinkedTreeMap<Any, Any>()
}

Not every DTO needs to be a data class and vice versa. In fact in my experience I find data classes to be particularly useful in areas that involve some complex business logic.