Tony Tannous Tony Tannous - 8 months ago 97
Apache Configuration Question

error: 'strdup' was not declared in this scope

I am trying to Build and Install the Apache Thrift compiler and libraries

As shown in instructions run

./configure && make

And I get this error:

thrift 0.9.3

Building C++ Library ......... : no
Building C (GLib) Library .... : no
Building Java Library ........ : no
Building C# Library .......... : no
Building Python Library ...... : no
Building Ruby Library ........ : no
Building Haxe Library ........ : no
Building Haskell Library ..... : no
Building Perl Library ........ : no
Building PHP Library ......... : no
Building Erlang Library ...... : no
Building Go Library .......... : no
Building D Library ........... : no
Building NodeJS Library ...... : no
Building Lua Library ......... : no

If something is missing that you think should be present,
please skim the output of configure to find the missing
component. Details are present in config.log.
make all-recursive
make[1]: Entering directory '/c/University/InternetOfThings/thrift-0.9.3'
Making all in compiler/cpp
make[2]: Entering directory '/c/University/InternetOfThings/thrift-0.9.3/compiler/cpp'
/bin/sh ../../ylwrap src/thrifty.yy src/ `echo src/ | sed -e s/cc$/hh/ -e s/cpp$/hpp/ -e s/cxx$/hxx/ -e s/c++$/h++/ -e s/c$/h/` y.output src/thrifty.output -- bison -y -d
updating src/thrifty.hh
make all-am
make[3]: Entering directory '/c/University/InternetOfThings/thrift-0.9.3/compiler/cpp'
g++ -DHAVE_CONFIG_H -I. -I../.. -I../../lib/cpp/src/thrift -I./src -Wall -Wno-sign-compare -Wno-unused -g -O2 -std=c++11 -MT src/libparse_a-thrifty.o -MD -MP -MF src/.deps/libparse_a-thrifty.Tpo -c -o src/libparse_a-thrifty.o `test -f 'src/' || echo './'`src/
src/thrifty.yy: In function 'int yyparse()':
src/thrifty.yy:1311:30: error: 'strdup' was not declared in this scope
Makefile:912: recipe for target 'src/libparse_a-thrifty.o' failed
make[3]: *** [src/libparse_a-thrifty.o] Error 1
make[3]: Leaving directory '/c/University/InternetOfThings/thrift-0.9.3/compiler/cpp'
Makefile:588: recipe for target 'all' failed
make[2]: *** [all] Error 2
make[2]: Leaving directory '/c/University/InternetOfThings/thrift-0.9.3/compiler/cpp'
Makefile:609: recipe for target 'all-recursive' failed
make[1]: *** [all-recursive] Error 1
make[1]: Leaving directory '/c/University/InternetOfThings/thrift-0.9.3'
Makefile:530: recipe for target 'all' failed
make: *** [all] Error 2

I edited thrifty.yy and added
#include <string.h>
yet I still get the same error that strdup is missing.

src/thrifty.yy:1311:30: error: 'strdup' was not declared in this scope
(same error as before including string.h)

What am I missing here ?

Thanks in advance!

Answer Source

strdup is not a standard C function. When a compiler is configured to be strict C compliant, it is not allowed to dump its own custom, non-standard functions in standard library headers like <string.h>.

You can resolve this by changing the compiler to compile non-standard C code (for example in gcc, compile with -std=gnu11 instead of -std=c11). Or alternatively, stick to pure standard C.

... or just implement strdup yourself, it is easy:

#include <string.h>
#include <stdlib.h>

char* strdup (const char* s)
  size_t slen = strlen(s);
  char* result = malloc(slen + 1);
  if(result == NULL)
    return NULL;

  memcpy(result, s, slen+1);
  return result;