rossistboss rossistboss - 2 months ago 215
Swift Question

Writing Data to an NSOutputStream in Swift 3

The solution of this question no longer works with Swift 3.

There is no longer a property

bytes
of
Data
(formerly
NSData
.

let data = dataToWrite.first!
self.outputStream.write(&data, maxLength: data.count)


With this code, I get the error:

Cannot convert value of type 'Data' to expected argument type 'UInt8'


How can you write
Data
to an
NSOutputStream
in Swift 3?

Answer

NSData had a bytes property to access the bytes. The new Data value type in Swift 3 has a withUnsafeBytes() method instead, which calls a closure with a pointer to the bytes.

So this is how you write Data to an NSOutputStream (without casting to NSData):

let data = ... // a Data value
let bytesWritten = data.withUnsafeBytes { outputStream.write($0, maxLength: data.count) }

Remarks: withUnsafeBytes() is a generic method:

/// Access the bytes in the data.
///
/// - warning: The byte pointer argument should not be stored and used outside of the lifetime of the call to the closure.
public func withUnsafeBytes<ResultType, ContentType>(_ body: @noescape (UnsafePointer<ContentType>) throws -> ResultType) rethrows -> ResultType

In the above call, both ContentType and ResultType are automatically inferred by the compiler (as UInt8 and Int), making additional UnsafePointer() conversions unnecessary.

outputStream.write() returns the number of bytes actually written. Generally, you should check that value. It can be -1 if the write operation failed, or less than data.count when writing to sockets, pipes, or other objects with a flow control.