Philip Eagles Philip Eagles - 13 days ago 5
CSS Question

Is there a way to have pi in a CSS calc?

I have an SVG circle animation for a progress bar where the

stroke-dashoffset
is animated from
0,radius
to
radius,0
(for 0% to 100%).

The equation for the length of the radius of a circle is
pi * d
. Is there a way to use a CSS
calc
function where it can use a value of pi, rather than just a rounded value (like 3.14)?

Answer

There's no such thing as a PI variable in CSS, unfortunately.

However..

You can make use of CSS variables to assign a number to it, downside to this is that it has a really, really bad browser support.

This would work like:

:root {
  --PI: 3.14159265358979; // enter the amount of digits you wish to use
}

.circle {
    width: calc(100 * var(--PI));
}

The best solution would be to use a preprocessor such as SASS or Less to assign the PI variable to, this would look like the following example in SASS:

$pi: 3.14159265358979 // amount of digits you wish to use

.circle {
    width: calc(100 * ${pi});
}

EDIT: As mentioned in the comments, some browsers (Safari + IE) round to 2 decimals, where Chrome and Firefox can round up to (at least) 4 decimals.