youngrrrr youngrrrr - 7 months ago 177
HTML Question

How to get Bootstrap Carousel to fit 100% to screen?

I was wondering how to get the carousel in Bootstrap's Carousel example to fit 100% to screen, as opposed to the way it's displaying now which allows some blank circular images to be included in the main landing page when it is loaded.

Here's a simple illustration of what I'm trying to get working.

page source (relevant bit):

<!-- Carousel
================================================== -->
<div id="myCarousel" class="carousel slide" data-ride="carousel">
<!-- Indicators -->
<ol class="carousel-indicators">
<li data-target="#myCarousel" data-slide-to="0" class="active"></li>
<li data-target="#myCarousel" data-slide-to="1"></li>
<li data-target="#myCarousel" data-slide-to="2"></li>
</ol>
<div class="carousel-inner" role="listbox">
<div class="item active">
<img class="first-slide" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAHd3dwAAACH5BAAAAAAALAAAAAABAAEAAAICRAEAOw==" alt="First slide">
<div class="container">
<div class="carousel-caption">
<h1>Example headline.</h1>
<p>Note: If you're viewing this page via a <code>file://</code> URL, the "next" and "previous" Glyphicon buttons on the left and right might not load/display properly due to web browser security rules.</p>
<p><a class="btn btn-lg btn-primary" href="#" role="button">Sign up today</a></p>
</div>
</div>
</div>
<div class="item">
<img class="second-slide" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAHd3dwAAACH5BAAAAAAALAAAAAABAAEAAAICRAEAOw==" alt="Second slide">
<div class="container">
<div class="carousel-caption">
<h1>Another example headline.</h1>
<p>Cras justo odio, dapibus ac facilisis in, egestas eget quam. Donec id elit non mi porta gravida at eget metus. Nullam id dolor id nibh ultricies vehicula ut id elit.</p>
<p><a class="btn btn-lg btn-primary" href="#" role="button">Learn more</a></p>
</div>
</div>
</div>
<div class="item">
<img class="third-slide" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAHd3dwAAACH5BAAAAAAALAAAAAABAAEAAAICRAEAOw==" alt="Third slide">
<div class="container">
<div class="carousel-caption">
<h1>One more for good measure.</h1>
<p>Cras justo odio, dapibus ac facilisis in, egestas eget quam. Donec id elit non mi porta gravida at eget metus. Nullam id dolor id nibh ultricies vehicula ut id elit.</p>
<p><a class="btn btn-lg btn-primary" href="#" role="button">Browse gallery</a></p>
</div>
</div>
</div>
</div>
<a class="left carousel-control" href="#myCarousel" role="button" data-slide="prev">
<span class="glyphicon glyphicon-chevron-left" aria-hidden="true"></span>
<span class="sr-only">Previous</span>
</a>
<a class="right carousel-control" href="#myCarousel" role="button" data-slide="next">
<span class="glyphicon glyphicon-chevron-right" aria-hidden="true"></span>
<span class="sr-only">Next</span>
</a>
</div><!-- /.carousel -->


carousel.css (relevant bit):

/* CUSTOMIZE THE CAROUSEL
-------------------------------------------------- */

/* Carousel base class */
.carousel {
height: 500px;
margin-bottom: 60px;
}
/* Since positioning the image, we need to help out the caption */
.carousel-caption {
z-index: 10;
}

/* Declare heights because of positioning of img element */
.carousel .item {
height: 500px;
background-color: #777;
}
.carousel-inner > .item > img {
position: absolute;
top: 0;
left: 0;
min-width: 100%;
height: 500px;
}


I know the task at hand is pretty simple, and I admit that I have tried tinkering around with the carousel.css file for the past hour or so (changing various height position, z-index, etc. values), but I just can't seem to get the resizing to work without majorly screwing things up. More specifically, I tried adding

Answer

After trying to fiddle around with the current version of carousel provided on Bootstrap's website, I just figured that trying to find a work-around for their provided code would just be more trouble than it's worth.

So, I found this example instead and just replaced the carousel HTML with the one provided by their source - starting at the 'header' and replaced the carousel portion in the carousel.css with their full-slider.css part.

Final code looks something like this:

HTML

<!-- Full Page Image Background Carousel Header -->
<header id="myCarousel" class="carousel slide">
    <!-- Indicators -->
    <ol class="carousel-indicators">
        <li data-target="#myCarousel" data-slide-to="0" class="active"></li>
        <li data-target="#myCarousel" data-slide-to="1"></li>
        <li data-target="#myCarousel" data-slide-to="2"></li>
    </ol>

    <!-- Wrapper for Slides -->
    <div class="carousel-inner">
        <div class="item active">
            <!-- Set the first background image using inline CSS below. -->
            <div class="fill" style="background-image:url('http://placehold.it/1900x1080&text=Slide One');"></div>
            <div class="carousel-caption">
                <h2>Caption 1</h2>
            </div>
        </div>
        <div class="item">
            <!-- Set the second background image using inline CSS below. -->
            <div class="fill" style="background-image:url('http://placehold.it/1900x1080&text=Slide Two');"></div>
            <div class="carousel-caption">
                <h2>Caption 2</h2>
            </div>
        </div>
        <div class="item">
            <!-- Set the third background image using inline CSS below. -->
            <div class="fill" style="background-image:url('http://placehold.it/1900x1080&text=Slide Three');"></div>
            <div class="carousel-caption">
                <h2>Caption 3</h2>
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>

    <!-- Controls -->
    <a class="left carousel-control" href="#myCarousel" data-slide="prev">
        <span class="icon-prev"></span>
    </a>
    <a class="right carousel-control" href="#myCarousel" data-slide="next">
        <span class="icon-next"></span>
    </a>

</header>

CSS

/* CUSTOMIZE THE CAROUSEL
-------------------------------------------------- */
.carousel,
.item,
.active {
    height: 100%;
    margin-bottom: 60px;
}

.carousel-inner {
    height: 100%;
}

/* Background images are set within the HTML using inline CSS, not here */

.fill {
    width: 100%;
    height: 100%;
    background-position: center;
    -webkit-background-size: cover;
    -moz-background-size: cover;
    background-size: cover;
    -o-background-size: cover;
}

IMO, this version is much easier to read anyways. Thanks to @K.C. for the help!