Izuzvo Izuzvo - 2 months ago 17
Python Question

Why does django 1.9 keeps using python2.7 when my virtualenv have python3.5?

Im having problems with python versions, im actually developing a web page with python3.5 under Windows 7. But in my server (CentOS 7) i created a virtualenv with python3.5 (because the default version of python in linux is 2.7).

The problem is that when i get an error, it says that django is using python2.7:

Request Method: GET
Request URL: http://proyect/url/
Django Version: 1.9.8
Exception Type: UnicodeEncodeError
Exception Value:
'ascii' codec can't encode character u'\xed' in position 9: ordinal not in range(128)
Exception Location: /usr/lib/python2.7/site-packages/django/utils/encoding.py in force_text, line 80
Python Executable: /usr/bin/python
Python Version: 2.7.5
Python Path:
['/home/user/proyect',
'/home/user/proyect_env/lib/python3.5/site-packages',
'/usr/lib64/python27.zip',
'/usr/lib64/python2.7',
'/usr/lib64/python2.7/plat-linux2',
'/usr/lib64/python2.7/lib-tk',
'/usr/lib64/python2.7/lib-old',
'/usr/lib64/python2.7/lib-dynload',
'/usr/lib64/python2.7/site-packages',
'/usr/lib64/python2.7/site-packages/gtk-2.0',
'/usr/lib/python2.7/site-packages']


I'm almost 100% sure that this message is displayed because django is using a wrong python version.

In my django.conf inside /etc/httpd/conf.d/ i have this configured:

WSGIDaemonProcess proyect python-path=/home/user/proyect:/home/user/proyect_env/lib/python3.5/site-packages
WSGIProcessGroup project
WSGIScriptAlias / /home/user/proyect/proyect/wsgi.py


I followed this tutorial to configure my server.

Edit #1
After following @Ixer indications, i got this error traceback in /etc/httpd/logs/error_log

7:49:05.114720 2016] [:error] [pid 14836] [remote 10.105.40.106:49676] mod_wsgi (pid=14836): Exception occurred processing WSGI script '/home/user/proyect/proyect/wsgi.py'.
[Tue Sep 20 17:49:05.114779 2016] [:error] [pid 14836] [remote 10.105.40.106:49676] Traceback (most recent call last):
[Tue Sep 20 17:49:05.114810 2016] [:error] [pid 14836] [remote 10.105.40.106:49676] File "/usr/lib/python2.7/site-packages/django/core/handlers/wsgi.py", line 158, in __call__
[Tue Sep 20 17:49:05.114862 2016] [:error] [pid 14836] [remote 10.105.40.106:49676] self.load_middleware()
[Tue Sep 20 17:49:05.114883 2016] [:error] [pid 14836] [remote 10.105.40.106:49676] File "/usr/lib/python2.7/site-packages/django/core/handlers/base.py", line 51, in load_middleware
[Tue Sep 20 17:49:05.114910 2016] [:error] [pid 14836] [remote 10.105.40.106:49676] mw_class = import_string(middleware_path)
[Tue Sep 20 17:49:05.114926 2016] [:error] [pid 14836] [remote 10.105.40.106:49676] File "/usr/lib/python2.7/site-packages/django/utils/module_loading.py", line 20, in import_string
[Tue Sep 20 17:49:05.114951 2016] [:error] [pid 14836] [remote 10.105.40.106:49676] module = import_module(module_path)
[Tue Sep 20 17:49:05.114966 2016] [:error] [pid 14836] [remote 10.105.40.106:49676] File "/usr/lib64/python2.7/importlib/__init__.py", line 37, in import_module
[Tue Sep 20 17:49:05.114991 2016] [:error] [pid 14836] [remote 10.105.40.106:49676] __import__(name)
[Tue Sep 20 17:49:05.115007 2016] [:error] [pid 14836] [remote 10.105.40.106:49676] File "/usr/lib/python2.7/site-packages/django/contrib/auth/middleware.py", line 3, in <module>
[Tue Sep 20 17:49:05.115031 2016] [:error] [pid 14836] [remote 10.105.40.106:49676] from django.contrib.auth.backends import RemoteUserBackend
[Tue Sep 20 17:49:05.115046 2016] [:error] [pid 14836] [remote 10.105.40.106:49676] File "/usr/lib/python2.7/site-packages/django/contrib/auth/backends.py", line 4, in <module>
[Tue Sep 20 17:49:05.115070 2016] [:error] [pid 14836] [remote 10.105.40.106:49676] from django.contrib.auth.models import Permission
[Tue Sep 20 17:49:05.115085 2016] [:error] [pid 14836] [remote 10.105.40.106:49676] File "/usr/lib/python2.7/site-packages/django/contrib/auth/models.py", line 4, in <module>
[Tue Sep 20 17:49:05.115109 2016] [:error] [pid 14836] [remote 10.105.40.106:49676] from django.contrib.auth.base_user import AbstractBaseUser, BaseUserManager
[Tue Sep 20 17:49:05.115124 2016] [:error] [pid 14836] [remote 10.105.40.106:49676] File "/usr/lib/python2.7/site-packages/django/contrib/auth/base_user.py", line 49, in <module>
[Tue Sep 20 17:49:05.115148 2016] [:error] [pid 14836] [remote 10.105.40.106:49676] class AbstractBaseUser(models.Model):
[Tue Sep 20 17:49:05.115163 2016] [:error] [pid 14836] [remote 10.105.40.106:49676] File "/usr/lib/python2.7/site-packages/django/db/models/base.py", line 94, in __new__
[Tue Sep 20 17:49:05.115187 2016] [:error] [pid 14836] [remote 10.105.40.106:49676] app_config = apps.get_containing_app_config(module)
[Tue Sep 20 17:49:05.115203 2016] [:error] [pid 14836] [remote 10.105.40.106:49676] File "/usr/lib/python2.7/site-packages/django/apps/registry.py", line 239, in get_containing_app_config
[Tue Sep 20 17:49:05.115226 2016] [:error] [pid 14836] [remote 10.105.40.106:49676] self.check_apps_ready()
[Tue Sep 20 17:49:05.115241 2016] [:error] [pid 14836] [remote 10.105.40.106:49676] File "/usr/lib/python2.7/site-packages/django/apps/registry.py", line 124, in check_apps_ready
[Tue Sep 20 17:49:05.115263 2016] [:error] [pid 14836] [remote 10.105.40.106:49676] raise AppRegistryNotReady("Apps aren't loaded yet.")


Edit #2

The problem was solved, the situation was that when i was installing apps via pip install -r requirements.txt, for some reason they were installed under python 2.7 (even when i sourced the virtualenv activate). So what i did was to install again the apps via /home/user/project_env/bin/pip install -r requirements... this fixed the error but now im having problems with an app:

[Tue Sep 20 21:34:49.998172 2016] [:error] [pid 18220] [remote 10.105.40.106:172] mod_wsgi (pid=18220): Target WSGI script '/home/user/project/project/wsgi.py' cannot be loaded as Python module.
[Tue Sep 20 21:34:49.998207 2016] [:error] [pid 18220] [remote 10.105.40.106:172] mod_wsgi (pid=18220): Exception occurred processing WSGI script '/home/rortega/smce/smce/wsgi.py'.
[Tue Sep 20 21:34:49.998229 2016] [:error] [pid 18220] [remote 10.105.40.106:172] Traceback (most recent call last):
[Tue Sep 20 21:34:49.998255 2016] [:error] [pid 18220] [remote 10.105.40.106:172] File "/home/user/project/project/wsgi.py", line 33, in <module>
[Tue Sep 20 21:34:49.998314 2016] [:error] [pid 18220] [remote 10.105.40.106:172] application = get_wsgi_application()
[Tue Sep 20 21:34:49.998326 2016] [:error] [pid 18220] [remote 10.105.40.106:172] File "/home/user/project_env/lib/python3.5/site-packages/django/core/wsgi.py", line 13, in get_wsgi_application
[Tue Sep 20 21:34:49.998362 2016] [:error] [pid 18220] [remote 10.105.40.106:172] django.setup()
[Tue Sep 20 21:34:49.998372 2016] [:error] [pid 18220] [remote 10.105.40.106:172] File "/home/user/project_env/lib/python3.5/site-packages/django/__init__.py", line 18, in setup
[Tue Sep 20 21:34:49.998406 2016] [:error] [pid 18220] [remote 10.105.40.106:172] apps.populate(settings.INSTALLED_APPS)
[Tue Sep 20 21:34:49.998417 2016] [:error] [pid 18220] [remote 10.105.40.106:172] File "/home/user/project_env/lib/python3.5/site-packages/django/apps/registry.py", line 85, in populate
[Tue Sep 20 21:34:49.998516 2016] [:error] [pid 18220] [remote 10.105.40.106:172] app_config = AppConfig.create(entry)
[Tue Sep 20 21:34:49.998527 2016] [:error] [pid 18220] [remote 10.105.40.106:172] File "/home/user/project_env/lib/python3.5/site-packages/django/apps/config.py", line 90, in create
[Tue Sep 20 21:34:49.998590 2016] [:error] [pid 18220] [remote 10.105.40.106:172] module = import_module(entry)
[Tue Sep 20 21:34:49.998601 2016] [:error] [pid 18220] [remote 10.105.40.106:172] File "/usr/lib64/python2.7/importlib/__init__.py", line 37, in import_module
[Tue Sep 20 21:34:49.998637 2016] [:error] [pid 18220] [remote 10.105.40.106:172] __import__(name)
[Tue Sep 20 21:34:49.998647 2016] [:error] [pid 18220] [remote 10.105.40.106:172] File "/home/user/project_env/lib/python3.5/site-packages/stdimage/__init__.py", line 5, in <module>
[Tue Sep 20 21:34:49.998676 2016] [:error] [pid 18220] [remote 10.105.40.106:172] from .models import StdImageField # NOQA
[Tue Sep 20 21:34:49.998686 2016] [:error] [pid 18220] [remote 10.105.40.106:172] File "/home/user/project_env/lib/python3.5/site-packages/stdimage/models.py", line 14, in <module>
[Tue Sep 20 21:34:49.998751 2016] [:error] [pid 18220] [remote 10.105.40.106:172] from PIL import Image, ImageOps
[Tue Sep 20 21:34:49.998761 2016] [:error] [pid 18220] [remote 10.105.40.106:172] File "/home/user/project_env/lib/python3.5/site-packages/PIL/Image.py", line 67, in <module>
[Tue Sep 20 21:34:49.999163 2016] [:error] [pid 18220] [remote 10.105.40.106:172] from PIL import _imaging as core
[Tue Sep 20 21:34:49.999185 2016] [:error] [pid 18220] [remote 10.105.40.106:172] ImportError: cannot import name _imaging

Answer

That manual doesn't seem right, since it doesnt tell how to use the virtualenv on the server. Even though the last line of the apache config points to a wsgi config, it does not explain what should be in there.

try something like this:

#/home/user/project/project/wsgi.py

import os
import sys
import site

# Add the site-packages of the chosen virtualenv to work with
site.addsitedir('~/.virtualenvs/myprojectenv/local/lib/python3.5/site-packages')

# Add the app's directory to the PYTHONPATH
sys.path.append('/home/django_projects/MyProject')
sys.path.append('/home/django_projects/MyProject/myproject')

os.environ['DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE'] = 'myproject.settings'

# Activate your virtual env
activate_env=os.path.expanduser("~/.virtualenvs/myprojectenv/bin/activate_this.py")
execfile(activate_env, dict(__file__=activate_env))

import django.core.handlers.wsgi
application = django.core.handlers.wsgi.WSGIHandler()