leech leech - 1 year ago 49
Python Question

Python imported module is None

I have a module that imports fine (i print it at the top of the module that uses it)

from authorize import cim
print cim

Which produces:

<module 'authorize.cim' from '.../dist-packages/authorize/cim.pyc'>

However later in a method call, it has mysteriously turned to

class MyClass(object):
def download(self):
print cim

which when run show that
. The module isn't ever directly assigned to
anywhere in this module.

Any ideas how this can happen?

Answer Source

As you comment it youself - it is likely some code is attributing None to the "cim" name on your module itself - the way for checking for this is if your large module would be made "read only" for other modules -- I think Python allows for this --

(20 min. hacking ) --

Here -- just put this snippet in a "protect_module.py" file, import it, and call "ProtectdedModule()" at the end of your module in which the name "cim" is vanishing - it should give you the culprit:

Protects a Module against naive monkey patching  -
may be usefull for debugging large projects where global
variables change without notice.

Just call the "ProtectedModule"  class, with no parameters from the end of 
the module definition you want to protect, and subsequent assignments to it
should fail.


from types import ModuleType
from inspect import currentframe, getmodule
import sys

class ProtectedModule(ModuleType):
    def __init__(self, module=None):
        if module is None:
            module = getmodule(currentframe(1))
        ModuleType.__init__(self, module.__name__, module.__doc__)
        sys.modules[self.__name__] = self

    def __setattr__(self, attr, value):
        frame = currentframe(1)
        raise ValueError("Attempt to monkey patch module %s from %s, line %d" % 
            (self.__name__, frame.f_code.co_filename, frame.f_lineno))        

if __name__ == "__main__":
    from xml.etree import ElementTree as ET
    ET = ProtectedModule(ET)
    print dir(ET)
    ET.bla = 10
    print ET.bla