user1858332 user1858332 - 2 months ago 6
SQL Question

How to group by month from Date field using sql

How can I group only by month from a date field (and not group by day)?

Here is what my date field looks like:

2012-05-01


Here is my current SQL:

select Closing_Date, Category, COUNT(Status)TotalCount from MyTable
where Closing_Date >= '2012-02-01' and Closing_Date <= '2012-12-31'
and Defect_Status1 is not null
group by Closing_Date, Category

Answer

I would use this:

SELECT  Closing_Date = DATEADD(MONTH, DATEDIFF(MONTH, 0, Closing_Date), 0), 
        Category,  
        COUNT(Status) TotalCount 
FROM    MyTable
WHERE   Closing_Date >= '2012-02-01' 
AND     Closing_Date <= '2012-12-31'
AND     Defect_Status1 IS NOT NULL
GROUP BY DATEADD(MONTH, DATEDIFF(MONTH, 0, Closing_Date), 0), Category;

This will group by the first of every month, so

`DATEADD(MONTH, DATEDIFF(MONTH, 0, '20130128'), 0)` 

will give '20130101'. I generally prefer this method as it keeps dates as dates.

Alternatively you could use something like this:

SELECT  Closing_Year = DATEPART(YEAR, Closing_Date),
        Closing_Month = DATEPART(MONTH, Closing_Date),
        Category,  
        COUNT(Status) TotalCount 
FROM    MyTable
WHERE   Closing_Date >= '2012-02-01' 
AND     Closing_Date <= '2012-12-31'
AND     Defect_Status1 IS NOT NULL
GROUP BY DATEPART(YEAR, Closing_Date), DATEPART(MONTH, Closing_Date), Category;

It really depends what your desired output is. (Closing Year is not necessary in your example, but if the date range crosses a year boundary it may be).