Noah Koster Noah Koster - 1 year ago 201
Python Question

How do i send an raw ethernet frame in python

I need to have a project done in a few days, its a basic client and server interface. The catch is that it needs to be all raw sockets. I have no problem with creating that, I am just stuck on sending the packets.

First I tried to bind it to an interface 'en1' but it keeps giving me an error

nodename not known
. When I bind it to my local ip address it works fine. After completing this I created a raw packet class, its all in hex. I then did a sendto call to send it on the wire.

The problem is that when I capture the packet by using wireshark it shows up as being the payload of a ipv4 packet. I don't want it to make the headers automatically, that is what my raw packet class was for anyway. Do you know of any way I can take out these headers?

Here is my code - only the raw function:

def raw():
HOST = gethostbyname('')

s.bind((HOST, 0))

s.setsockopt(IPPROTO_IP, IP_HDRINCL, 0) #no headers - it wont work!!

pckt = packet("\x68\x65\x6c\x6c\x6f")
netpacket = pckt.getpacket()

print "Sending.. "
print ""

s.sendto(netpacket, ('', 80))
data = s.recv(4096)
print data

o and here is the captured packet with a hello at the end:

007f 2809 6da2 28cf daee 2156 0800 4500 004d 1bfc 0000 4000 db59 c0a8 010a c0a8 0101* 007f

2809 6da2 28cf daee 2156 0800 4500 0036 2352 4000 4006 0000 c0a8 010a c0a8 0101 15c0 0050

0000 0000 0000 0000 8010 813b 0000 68656c6c6f -hello

*this is the start of the payload even though it was supposed to be the start of the packet
also I am not going to use any other modules I have to use socket.

Answer Source

thanks to the comments for this question, i managed to get a connection going with a server. all it took was changing the address family to af_packet in linux. then i binded it to my nic and sent it. it worked. thanks for the help people! here is some example code:

s = socket(AF_PACKET, SOCK_RAW)
s.bind(("en1", 0))
pckt = packet() #my class that initializes the raw hex
data = pckt.getpacket()
message = s.recv(4096)
print s
print s.decode('hex')

It needs to be in linux or debian. to my knowldege it doesnt work in mac osx. idk about windows. if u have a mac use pycap or scapy, they work fine.

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