jakub.g jakub.g - 1 year ago 226
Git Question

How to resolve git merge conflict, from command line, using a given strategy, for just ONE file?

Let's say I did a git merge and have a conflict in some file, say

, and perhaps some other files.

I would like to

  1. automatically resolve merge conflicts for certain files from command line, while

  2. letting myself resolve manually all the other conflicts, if any, and

  3. making sure I don't lose valuable changes from any branch.

Because of 2), I can't use
git merge -Xours
as this would resolve ALL conflicts. I want to resolve only conflicts in one particular file.

Because of 3), I can't use
git checkout --ours package.json
as this might lose some changes from the input branch.

The use case is for instance: auto-merging script that will resolve trivial well-known conflicts in a predefined way, and fail if there are some other conflicts in other files.

The typical case I often have is having two branches with
field in
diverged like below:

$ git diff
diff --cc package.json
index 75c469b,f709434..0000000
--- a/package.json
+++ b/package.json
@@@ -1,6 -1,6 +1,12 @@@
"name": "test",
++<<<<<<< HEAD
+ "version": "2.0.1",
++||||||| merged common ancestors
++ "version": "1.0.0",
+ "version": "1.0.2",
++>>>>>>> master

Is it possible to resolve the conflict for JUST ONE file, using given strategy? Something like:

git-resolve-conflict --ours package.json

Answer Source

This can be achieved using git-merge-file although its API is rather low-level.

In order to have an easy-to-use command, you can use the following bash script (to be imported to .bashrc, or you can also install it with npm install -g git-resolve-conflict):

git-resolve-conflict() {

  if [ -z "$FILE_PATH" ] || [ -z "$STRATEGY" ]; then
    echo "Usage:   git-resolve-conflict <strategy> <file>"
    echo ""
    echo "Example: git-resolve-conflict --ours package.json"
    echo "Example: git-resolve-conflict --union package.json"
    echo "Example: git-resolve-conflict --theirs package.json"

  git show :1:"$FILE_PATH" > ./tmp.common
  git show :2:"$FILE_PATH" > ./tmp.ours
  git show :3:"$FILE_PATH" > ./tmp.theirs

  git merge-file "$STRATEGY" -p ./tmp.ours ./tmp.common ./tmp.theirs > "$FILE_PATH"
  git add "$FILE_PATH"

  rm ./tmp.common
  rm ./tmp.ours
  rm ./tmp.theirs

(I used temp files instead of process substitution to make it msys/mingw-friendly; msys does not support process substitution).

In the particular example as described in the question, the usage would be as follows:

git-resolve-conflict --ours package.json

For a step by step study see:



If you have multiple package.json files in subfolders, and want to resolve the merge for all of them which are in conflicted state:

for ITEM in $(git diff --name-only --diff-filter=U | grep package.json$); do git-resolve-conflict --ours $ITEM; done
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