Ixx Ixx - 4 months ago 118x
Android Question

Update ViewPager dynamically?

I can't update the content in ViewPager.

A question: What is the relationship and correct usage of methods instantiateItem() and getItem() in FragmentPagerAdapter class?

I was using only getItem() to instantiate and return my fragments:

public Fragment getItem(int position) {
return new MyFragment(context, paramters);

This worked well (but as said I can't change the content).

So I found this: ViewPager PagerAdapter not updating the View

Particulary one in which it's talked about method instantiateItem():

"My approach is to use the setTag() method for any instantiated view in the instantiateItem() method"

So now I want to implement instantiateItem() in order to do that. But I don't know what I have to return there (return is Object) and what is the relation with getItem(int position)?

Currently I'm using getItem to instantiate the Fragment, is that wrong? But then do I have to put the fragments in instance variable, or not implement getItem() at all...? I just don't understand it.

I tried reading the reference:

  • public abstract Fragment getItem (int position)

    Return the Fragment associated with a specified position.

  • public Object instantiateItem (ViewGroup container, int position)

    Create the page for the given position. The adapter is responsible for adding the view to the container given here, although it only must ensure this is done by the time it returns from finishUpdate(ViewGroup).

    container The containing View in which the page will be shown.
    position The page position to be instantiated.


    Returns an Object representing the new page. This does not need to be a View, but can be some other container of the page.

... but I still don't understand how are they related and what I have to do.

Here's my code. I'm using support package v4.


public class ViewPagerTest extends FragmentActivity {
private ViewPager pager;
private MyFragmentAdapter adapter;

public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {

pager = (ViewPager)findViewById(R.id.slider);

String[] data = {"page1", "page2", "page3", "page4", "page5", "page6"};

adapter = new MyFragmentAdapter(getSupportFragmentManager(), 6, this, data);

((Button)findViewById(R.id.button)).setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener() {
public void onClick(View v) {

private void reload() {
String[] data = {"changed1", "changed2", "changed3", "changed4", "changed5", "changed6"};
//adapter = new MyFragmentAdapter(getSupportFragmentManager(), 6, this, data);



class MyFragmentAdapter extends FragmentPagerAdapter {
private int slideCount;
private Context context;
private String[] data;

public MyFragmentAdapter(FragmentManager fm, int slideCount, Context context, String[] data) {
this.slideCount = slideCount;
this.context = context;
this.data = data;

public Fragment getItem(int position) {
return new MyFragment(data[position], context);

public int getCount() {
return slideCount;

public void setData(String[] data) {
this.data = data;

public int getItemPosition(Object object) {


public final class MyFragment extends Fragment {
private String text;

public MyFragment(String text, Context context) {
this.text = text;

public View onCreateView(LayoutInflater inflater, ViewGroup container, Bundle savedInstanceState) {
View view = inflater.inflate(R.layout.slide, null);

return view;

Here is also somebody with a similar problem, no answers...



When using FragmentPagerAdapter or FragmentStatePagerAdapter, it is best to deal solely with getItem() and not touch instantiateItem() at all. The instantiateItem()-destroyItem()-isViewFromObject() interface on PagerAdapter is a lower-level interface that FragmentPagerAdapter uses to implement the much simpler getItem() interface.

Before getting into this, I should clarify that

if you want to switch out the actual fragments that are being displayed, you need to avoid FragmentPagerAdapter and use FragmentStatePagerAdapter.

An earlier version of this answer made the mistake of using FragmentPagerAdapter for its example - that won't work because FragmentPagerAdapter never destroys a fragment after it's been displayed the first time.

I don't recommend the setTag() and findViewWithTag() workaround provided in the post you linked. As you've discovered, using setTag() and findViewWithTag() doesn't work with fragments, so it's not a good match.

The right solution is to override getItemPosition(). When notifyDataSetChanged() is called, ViewPager calls getItemPosition() on all the items in its adapter to see whether they need to be moved to a different position or removed.

By default, getItemPosition() returns POSITION_UNCHANGED, which means, "This object is fine where it is, don't destroy or remove it." Returning POSITION_NONE fixes the problem by instead saying, "This object is no longer an item I'm displaying, remove it." So it has the effect of removing and recreating every single item in your adapter.

This is a completely legitimate fix! This fix makes notifyDataSetChanged behave like a regular Adapter without view recycling. If you implement this fix and performance is satisfactory, you're off to the races. Job done.

If you need better performance, you can use a fancier getItemPosition() implementation. Here's an example for a pager creating fragments off of a list of strings:

ViewPager pager = /* get my ViewPager */;
// assume this actually has stuff in it
final ArrayList<String> titles = new ArrayList<String>();

FragmentManager fm = getSupportFragmentManager();
pager.setAdapter(new FragmentStatePagerAdapter(fm) {
    public int getCount() {
        return titles.size();

    public Fragment getItem(int position) {
        MyFragment fragment = new MyFragment();
        return fragment;

    public int getItemPosition(Object item) {
        MyFragment fragment = (MyFragment)item;
        String title = fragment.getTitle();
        int position = titles.indexOf(title);

        if (position >= 0) {
            return position;
        } else {
            return POSITION_NONE;

With this implementation, only fragments displaying new titles will get displayed. Any fragments displaying titles that are still in the list will instead be moved around to their new position in the list, and fragments with titles that are no longer in the list at all will be destroyed.

What if the fragment has not been recreated, but needs to be updated anyway? Updates to a living fragment are best handled by the fragment itself. That's the advantage of having a fragment, after all - it is its own controller. A fragment can add a listener or an observer to another object in onCreate(), and then remove it in onDestroy(), thus managing the updates itself. You don't have to put all the update code inside getItem() like you do in an adapter for a ListView or other AdapterView types.

One last thing - just because FragmentPagerAdapter doesn't destroy a fragment doesn't mean that getItemPosition is completely useless in a FragmentPagerAdapter. You can still use this callback to reorder your fragments in the ViewPager. It will never remove them completely from the FragmentManager, though.