raxacoricofallapatorius raxacoricofallapatorius - 4 months ago 18
Git Question

How do I track only specific files using .gitignore?

What should I put in my Git repository's

.gitignore
to exclude all files and directories there except specific ones. For example if I have a large number of files and directories in a repo, and just want Git to track
fileX
,
.fileY
, and
directoryZ
, but completely ignore everything else, what should be in my
.gitignore
?

Answer

You should ignore content; but exclude folders.
That allows you to exclude files.

/**
!/**/
!fileX

That is because:

It is not possible to re-include a file if a parent directory of that file is excluded.

Check the effect of a .gitignore with git checkignore -v

git check-ignore -v -- afile