luciano luciano - 22 days ago 6
R Question

Add new row to dataframe, at specific row-index, not appended?

The following code combines a vector with a dataframe:

newrow = c(1:4)
existingDF = rbind(existingDF,newrow)


However this code always inserts the new row at the end of the dataframe.

How can I insert the row at a specified point within the dataframe? For example, lets say the dataframe has 20 rows, how can I insert the new row between rows 10 and 11?

Answer

Here's a solution that avoids the (often slow) rbind call:

existingDF <- as.data.frame(matrix(seq(20),nrow=5,ncol=4))
r <- 3
newrow <- seq(4)
insertRow <- function(existingDF, newrow, r) {
  existingDF[seq(r+1,nrow(existingDF)+1),] <- existingDF[seq(r,nrow(existingDF)),]
  existingDF[r,] <- newrow
  existingDF
}

> insertRow(existingDF, newrow, r)
  V1 V2 V3 V4
1  1  6 11 16
2  2  7 12 17
3  1  2  3  4
4  3  8 13 18
5  4  9 14 19
6  5 10 15 20

If speed is less important than clarity, then @Simon's solution works well:

existingDF <- rbind(existingDF[1:r,],newrow,existingDF[-(1:r),])
> existingDF
   V1 V2 V3 V4
1   1  6 11 16
2   2  7 12 17
3   3  8 13 18
4   1  2  3  4
41  4  9 14 19
5   5 10 15 20

(Note we index r differently).

And finally, benchmarks:

library(microbenchmark)
microbenchmark(
  rbind(existingDF[1:r,],newrow,existingDF[-(1:r),]),
  insertRow(existingDF,newrow,r)
)

Unit: microseconds
                                                    expr     min       lq   median       uq       max
1                       insertRow(existingDF, newrow, r) 660.131 678.3675 695.5515 725.2775   928.299
2 rbind(existingDF[1:r, ], newrow, existingDF[-(1:r), ]) 801.161 831.7730 854.6320 881.6560 10641.417

Benchmarks

As @MatthewDowle always points out to me, benchmarks need to be examined for the scaling as the size of the problem increases. Here we go then:

benchmarkInsertionSolutions <- function(nrow=5,ncol=4) {
  existingDF <- as.data.frame(matrix(seq(nrow*ncol),nrow=nrow,ncol=ncol))
  r <- 3 # Row to insert into
  newrow <- seq(ncol)
  m <- microbenchmark(
   rbind(existingDF[1:r,],newrow,existingDF[-(1:r),]),
   insertRow(existingDF,newrow,r),
   insertRow2(existingDF,newrow,r)
  )
  # Now return the median times
  mediansBy <- by(m$time,m$expr, FUN=median)
  res <- as.numeric(mediansBy)
  names(res) <- names(mediansBy)
  res
}
nrows <- 5*10^(0:5)
benchmarks <- sapply(nrows,benchmarkInsertionSolutions)
colnames(benchmarks) <- as.character(nrows)
ggplot( melt(benchmarks), aes(x=Var2,y=value,colour=Var1) ) + geom_line() + scale_x_log10() + scale_y_log10()

@Roland's solution scales quite well, even with the call to rbind:

                                                              5       50     500    5000    50000     5e+05
insertRow2(existingDF, newrow, r)                      549861.5 579579.0  789452 2512926 46994560 414790214
insertRow(existingDF, newrow, r)                       895401.0 905318.5 1168201 2603926 39765358 392904851
rbind(existingDF[1:r, ], newrow, existingDF[-(1:r), ]) 787218.0 814979.0 1263886 5591880 63351247 829650894

Plotted on a linear scale:

linear

And a log-log scale:

log-log