Faran Faran - 1 month ago 11
Scala Question

How to extract POST parameters in API - Lift framework

Hi I am using the following for my api in Lift:

case "api" :: "all" :: _ Get req => for {
val after <- req.param("after")
val before <- req.param("before")
val limit <- req.param("limit")
} yield JsonResponse(json(ResponseLimitAfterBefore(limit.toInt,
after.toString,
before.toString)))


My issue is if any of the three parameters are missing it gives an error. Can anyone help me with how to assign a value to any of them if any parameter is missing? For example if after is not in the url then how can I assign a default value to after?

Thanks,
-Faran

Answer

If seems you do not understand how for comprehensions work within Scala. Consider the following:

scala> val x: Option[String] = Some("X")
x: Option[String] = Some(X)

scala> val y: Option[String] = None
y: Option[String] = None

scala> for(xx <- x; yy <- y) yield yy
res0: Option[String] = None

scala> for(yy <- y; xx <- x) yield xx
res1: Option[String] = None

Notice that even though xx has a value, the result is None. Given that req.param gives you a Box[String] (which is similar to an Option[String]), you could just do something like this (if you want a response whatever params are passed):

JsonResponse(json(
ResponseLimitAfterBefore(
  limit.map(_.toInt).openOr(0), 
  after.openOr("after default"), 
  before.openOr("another default")
)))

Or, if you just want to provide a default response overall, rather than a paramterised default response:

(for { 
  after <- req.param("after")
  before <- req.param("before") 
  limit <- req.param("limit") 
} yield JsonResponse(json(ResponseLimitAfterBefore(
  limit.toInt, after, before)))
) openOr BadRequestResponse()

I would suggest playing with both LiftResponse subtypes more and also getting a firm grasp on what for comprehensions actually do.

Hope that helps.