Sephy Sephy - 1 month ago 15
Android Question

Set the absolute position of a view

Is it possible to set the absolute position of a view in Android? (I know that there is an

AbsoluteLayout
, but it's deprecated...)

For example, if I have a 240x320px screen, how could I add an
ImageView
which is 20x20px such that its center is at the position (100,100)?

Answer

You can use RelativeLayout. Let's say you wanted a 30x40 ImageView at position (50,60) inside your layout. Somewhere in your activity:

// Some existing RelativeLayout from your layout xml
RelativeLayout rl = (RelativeLayout) findViewById(R.id.my_relative_layout);

ImageView iv = new ImageView(this);

RelativeLayout.LayoutParams params = new RelativeLayout.LayoutParams(30, 40);
params.leftMargin = 50;
params.topMargin = 60;
rl.addView(iv, params);

More examples:

Places two 30x40 ImageViews (one yellow, one red) at (50,60) and (80,90), respectively:

RelativeLayout rl = (RelativeLayout) findViewById(R.id.my_relative_layout);
ImageView iv;
RelativeLayout.LayoutParams params;

iv = new ImageView(this);
iv.setBackgroundColor(Color.YELLOW);
params = new RelativeLayout.LayoutParams(30, 40);
params.leftMargin = 50;
params.topMargin = 60;
rl.addView(iv, params);

iv = new ImageView(this);
iv.setBackgroundColor(Color.RED);
params = new RelativeLayout.LayoutParams(30, 40);
params.leftMargin = 80;
params.topMargin = 90;
rl.addView(iv, params);

Places one 30x40 yellow ImageView at (50,60) and another 30x40 red ImageView <80,90> relative to the yellow ImageView:

RelativeLayout rl = (RelativeLayout) findViewById(R.id.my_relative_layout);
ImageView iv;
RelativeLayout.LayoutParams params;

int yellow_iv_id = 123; // Some arbitrary ID value.

iv = new ImageView(this);
iv.setId(yellow_iv_id);
iv.setBackgroundColor(Color.YELLOW);
params = new RelativeLayout.LayoutParams(30, 40);
params.leftMargin = 50;
params.topMargin = 60;
rl.addView(iv, params);

iv = new ImageView(this);
iv.setBackgroundColor(Color.RED);
params = new RelativeLayout.LayoutParams(30, 40);
params.leftMargin = 80;
params.topMargin = 90;

// This line defines how params.leftMargin and params.topMargin are interpreted.
// In this case, "<80,90>" means <80,90> to the right of the yellow ImageView.
params.addRule(RelativeLayout.RIGHT_OF, yellow_iv_id);

rl.addView(iv, params);