Hurricane Development Hurricane Development - 1 year ago 74
PHP Question

How secure is this method of password hashing and matching?

I took information from a series of posts and some prior knowledge to implement the following hashing algorithm. However there is a lot of talk about what implementations are secure and not secure. How does my method measure up? Is it secure?

public static function sha512($token,$cost = 50000,$salt = null) {
$salt = ($salt == null) ? (generateToken(32)) : ($salt);
$salt = '$6$rounds=' . $cost . '$' . $salt . ' $';
return crypt($token, $salt);

public static function sha512Equals($token,$hash) {
return (crypt($token,$hash) == $hash);

public static function generateToken($length,$characterPool = '0123456789abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ') {
$token = '';
$max = mb_strlen($characterPool);

for ($i = 0;$i < $length;$i++){
$token .= $characterPool[cryptorand(0,$max)];

return $token;

public static function cryptorand($min, $max) {
$range = $max - $min;

if ($range < 0)
return $min;

$log = log($range, 2);
$bytes = (int) ($log / 8) + 1; // length in bytes
$bits = (int) $log + 1; // length in bits
$filter = (int) (1 << $bits) - 1; // set all lower bits to 1

do {
$rnd = hexdec(bin2hex(openssl_random_pseudo_bytes($bytes)));
$rnd = $rnd & $filter; // discard irrelevant bits
} while ($rnd >= $range);

return $min + $rnd;

So is this method secure? Are there more secure methods in PHP for hashing tokens and matching with tokens later on? Any criticism is hugely appreciated.

Answer Source

No, because you end up trusting crypt and you are not using a time constant compare in sha512Equals.

There may be platform specific issues too: openssl_random_pseudo_bytes doesn't have to be cryptographically secure. I'm not sure how you know that crypt uses SHA-512 either.

Your calculations in cryptorand are slightly off (e.g. for values of $log that are precisely on a byte boundary) but that's fortunately kept in check by the do/while loop.

Please use the password_hash or password_verify functionality instead.

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