Acoop Acoop - 2 months ago 10
Python Question

Appending a dictionary to a list in a a loop Python

I am a basic python programmer so hopefully the answer to my question will be easy.
I am trying to take a dictionary and append it to a list. The dictionary then changes values and then is appended again in a loop. It seems that every time I do this, all the dictionaries in the list change their values to match the one that was just appended.
For example:

>>> dict = {}
>>> list = []
>>> for x in range(0,100):
... dict[1] = x
... list.append(dict)
...
>>> print list


I would assume the result would be
[{1:1}, {1:2}, {1:3}... {1:98}, {1:99}]
but instead I got:

[{1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}, {1: 99}]


Any help is greatly appreciated.

Answer

You need to append a copy, otherwise you are just adding references to the same dictionary over and over again:

yourlist.append(yourdict.copy())

I used yourdict and yourlist instead of dict and list; you don't want to mask the built-in types.