Armen Tsirunyan Armen Tsirunyan - 1 month ago 22
C++ Question

Copy std::stack into an std::vector

Is the following code guaranteed by the standard to work(assuming st is not empty)?

#include <vector>
#include <stack>
int main()
{
extern std::stack<int, std::vector<int> > st;
int* end = &st.top() + 1;
int* begin = end - st.size();
std::vector<int> stack_contents(begin, end);
}

Answer

Yes.

std::stack is just a container adapter.

You can see that .top() is actually (ยง23.3.5.3.1)

reference top() { return c.back(); }

Where c is the container, which in this case is a std::vector

Which means that your code is basically translated into:

   extern std::vector<int> st;
   int* end   = &st.back() + 1;
   int* begin = end - st.size();
   std::vector<int> stack_contents(begin, end);

And as std::vector is guaranteed to be continuous there should be no problem.

However, that does not mean that this is a good idea. If you need to use "hacks" like this it is generally an indicator of bad design. You probably want to use std::vector from the beginning.