Ben Ben - 6 months ago 66
PHP Question

PHP array_filter to get only one value from an array

I'm trying to exclude foreach-loops and refactor them with array functions. I was under the assumption the code below would give me a result with all first items from the source array.

<?php
$data= [
0 => [1, 'test1'],
1 => [2, 'test2'],
2 => [3, 'test3'],
];

$ids = array_filter($data, function($item) {
return $item[0];
});

var_dump($ids);


But when I var_dump
$ids
I get the output:

array (size=3)
0 =>
array (size=2)
0 => int 1
1 => string 'test1' (length=5)
1 =>
array (size=2)
0 => int 2
1 => string 'test2' (length=5)
2 =>
array (size=2)
0 => int 3
1 => string 'test3' (length=5)


Why isn't the output:

array (size=3)
0 => int 1
1 => int 2
2 => int 3

Answer

array_filter is used for filtering out elements of an array based on whether they satisfy a certain criterion. So you create a function that returns true or false, and test each element of the array against it. Your function will always return true, since every array has a first element in it, so the array is unchanged.

What you're looking for is array_map, which modifies each element in an array by running the callback over it.

<?php
$data= [
    0 => [1, 'test1'],
    1 => [2, 'test2'],
    2 => [3, 'test3'],
];

$ids = array_map(function($item) {
    return $item[0];
}, $data);

var_dump($ids);