Lotus Notes Lotus Notes -4 years ago 261
MySQL Question

PDO::fetchAll vs. PDO::fetch in a loop

Just a quick question.

Is there any performance difference between using PDO::fetchAll() and PDO::fetch() in a loop (for large result sets)?

I'm fetching into objects of a user-defined class, if that makes any difference.

My initial uneducated assumption was that fetchAll might be faster because PDO can perform multiple operations in one statement while mysql_query can only execute one. However I have little knowledge of PDO's inner workings and the documentation doesn't say anything about this, and whether or not fetchAll() is simply a PHP-side loop dumped into an array.

Any help?

Answer Source

Little benchmark with 200k random records. As expected, the fetchAll method is faster but require more memory.

Result :
fetchAll : 0.35965991020203s, 100249408b
fetch : 0.39197015762329s, 440b

The benchmark code used :

<?php
// First benchmark : speed
$dbh = new PDO('mysql:dbname=testage;dbhost=localhost', 'root', '');
$dbh->setAttribute(PDO::ATTR_ERRMODE, PDO::ERRMODE_EXCEPTION);
$sql = 'SELECT * FROM test_table WHERE 1';
$stmt = $dbh->query($sql);
$data = array();
$start_all = microtime(true);
$data = $stmt->fetchAll();
$end_all = microtime(true);

$stmt = $dbh->query($sql);
$data = array();
$start_one = microtime(true);
while($data = $stmt->fetch()){}
$end_one = microtime(true);

// Second benchmark : memory usage
$stmt = $dbh->query($sql);
$data = array();
$memory_start_all = memory_get_usage();
$data = $stmt->fetchAll();
$memory_end_all = memory_get_usage();

$stmt = $dbh->query($sql);
$data = array();
$memory_end_one = 0;
$memory_start_one = memory_get_usage();
while($data = $stmt->fetch()){
  $memory_end_one = max($memory_end_one, memory_get_usage());
}

echo 'Result : <br/>
fetchAll : ' . ($end_all - $start_all) . 's, ' . ($memory_end_all - $memory_start_all) . 'b<br/>
fetch : ' . ($end_one - $start_one) . 's, ' . ($memory_end_one - $memory_start_one) . 'b<br/>';
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