Ricardo Ricardo - 3 months ago 26
C++ Question

Access to a static c++ field from objective-c

I have a library in C++ and did modifications so I want to add a new static variable.

But I have always the same error.

Ld /Users/ricardo/Library/Developer/Xcode/DerivedData/parlamobile-gjgrppzlpeaavrbixticgpbwnurz/Build/Products/Debug-iphoneos/myapp.app/myapp normal arm64
cd /Users/ricardo/xcode/mobile-ios
export IPHONEOS_DEPLOYMENT_TARGET=8.0
export PATH="/Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Platforms/iPhoneOS.platform/Developer/usr/bin:/Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/usr/bin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/bin:/bin:/usr/sbin:/sbin"
/Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin/clang++ -arch arm64 -isysroot /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Platforms/iPhoneOS.platform/Developer/SDKs/iPhoneOS9.3.sdk -L/Users/ricardo/Library/Developer/Xcode/DerivedData/parlamobile-gjgrppzlpeaavrbixticgpbwnurz/Build/Products/Debug-iphoneos -L/Users/ricardo/xcode/mobile-ios/parlamobile/Vendor/OpenSSL/lib -F/Users/ricardo/Library/Developer/Xcode/DerivedData/parlamobile-gjgrppzlpeaavrbixticgpbwnurz/Build/Products/Debug-iphoneos -F/Users/ricardo/xcode/mobile-ios/Pods/Crashlytics/iOS -F/Users/ricardo/xcode/mobile-ios/Pods/Fabric/iOS -F/Users/ricardo/xcode/mobile-ios -F/Users/ricardo/xcode/mobile-ios/parlamobile/Frameworks -filelist /Users/ricardo/Library/Developer/Xcode/DerivedData/parlamobile-gjgrppzlpeaavrbixticgpbwnurz/Build/Intermediates/parlamobile.build/Debug-iphoneos/myApp.build/Objects-normal/arm64/myApp.LinkFileList -Xlinker -rpath -Xlinker @executable_path/Frameworks -miphoneos-version-min=8.0 -dead_strip -Xlinker -no_deduplicate -ObjC -lc++ -lz -framework Crashlytics -framework Fabric -framework Security -framework SystemConfiguration -framework UIKit -fobjc-arc -fobjc-link-runtime -lsqlite3 -framework SystemConfiguration -framework CoreData -lz.1.2.5 -framework UIKit -framework Foundation -lssl -lcrypto -lPods-myApp -Xlinker -dependency_info -Xlinker /Users/ricardo/Library/Developer/Xcode/DerivedData/parlamobile-gjgrppzlpeaavrbixticgpbwnurz/Build/Intermediates/parlamobile.build/Debug-iphoneos/myApp.build/Objects-normal/arm64/myApp_dependency_info.dat -o /Users/ricardo/Library/Developer/Xcode/DerivedData/parlamobile-gjgrppzlpeaavrbixticgpbwnurz/Build/Products/Debug-iphoneos/myApp.app/myApp

ld: warning: directory not found for option '-F/Users/ricardo/xcode/mobile-ios/parlamobile/Frameworks'
Undefined symbols for architecture arm64:
"DNS::ipType", referenced from:
-[GlooxBridge getIPType] in GlooxBridge.o
DNS::connect(std::__1::basic_string<char, std::__1::char_traits<char>, std::__1::allocator<char> > const&, int, gloox::LogSink const&) in dns.o
ld: symbol(s) not found for architecture arm64
clang: error: linker command failed with exit code 1 (use -v to see invocation)


This is my dns.h

#ifndef DNS_H__
#define DNS_H__

#include "macros.h"
#include "logsink.h"

#ifdef __MINGW32__
# include <windows.h>
# include <windns.h>
#endif

#ifdef HAVE_ARPA_NAMESER_H
# include <arpa/nameser.h>
#endif

#ifdef __APPLE__
# include <arpa/nameser_compat.h>
#endif

#ifndef NS_MAXDNAME
# define NS_MAXDNAME 1025
#endif

#ifndef NS_PACKETSZ
# define NS_PACKETSZ 512
#endif

#ifdef HAVE_GETADDRINFO
# include <sys/types.h>
# include <sys/socket.h>
# include <netdb.h>
#endif

#include <string>
#include <map>

namespace gloox
{

/**
* @brief This class holds a number of static functions used for DNS related stuff.
*
* You should not need to use these functions directly.
*
* @author Jakob Schröter <js@camaya.net>
* @since 0.3
*/
class GLOOX_API DNS
{
public:
//IP type (4 or 6)
static int ipType;//nothing(0),ipv4(4),ipv6(6)
...


This is how I access to the variable in dns.cpp

if(sockfd!=-1){
DNS::ipType = 6;
}


And now from Objective-c class MyBridge.h

#import <Foundation/Foundation.h>
#import "RemoteDto.h"

@class MyUserDto;
@class MyMessageDto;
@class MyRoomDto;

@interface GlooxBridge : NSObject<RemoteDtoDelegate>

@property (nonatomic, readwrite) BOOL loggedIn;
@property (nonatomic, retain) NSMutableDictionary *contacts;
....

+ (GlooxBridge *)sharedInstance;

- (IBAction)initMainLoop;
- (IBAction)appearOnline;
- (IBAction)appearOffline;
- (IBAction)logout;
...

- (int)getIPType;

@end


MyBridge.mm

#import "GlooxBridge.h"
#include "GlooxHelper.h"
#include "gloox.h"
#include "dns.h"

using namespace gloox;

static GlooxBridge *_instance;
static GlooxHelper *_helper;

@implementation GlooxBridge {
int _firstMessage;
DataForm *_roomConfigForm;
UIBackgroundTaskIdentifier _backgroundTaskId;
}

@synthesize loggedIn = _loggedIn;
@synthesize contacts = _contacts;
@synthesize rooms = _rooms;
@synthesize lastMessages = _lastMessages;
@synthesize roomParticipants = _roomParticipants;

+ (GlooxBridge *)sharedInstance {
@synchronized(self) {
if(!_instance) {
_instance = [[GlooxBridge alloc] init];
}
}

return _instance;
}

- (id)init {
if (self = [super init]) {
_loggedIn = NO;
}

return self;
}

...

- (int)getIPType {
//return GLOOX_API::DNS::ipType;
return DNS::ipType;
}

Answer

Looks like you forgot the defintion of the variable.
(Note that the access from DNS::connect in C++ is also undefined, which suggests that it's not an Objective-C++ issue).

Add

int DNS::ipType;

to "dns.cpp" at file scope.
(With a suitable initial value if you don't want it to be zero.)

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