econ econ - 7 months ago 55
JSON Question

JSON fields have the same name

JSON keys have to be unique within an onject (e.g. Does JSON syntax allow duplicate keys in an object?). However, suppose I have a file with the following contents:

"a" : "1",
"b" : "2",
"a" : "3"

Is there a simple way of converting the repeated keys to an array? So that the file becomes:

"a" : [ {"key": "1"}, {"key": "3"}],
"b" : "2"

Or something similar, but which combines the repeated keys into an array (or finds and alternative way to extract the repeated key values).

Here's a solution in Java: Convert JSON object with duplicate keys to JSON array

Is there any way to do it with awk/bash/python?


If your input is really a flat JSON object with primitives as values, this should work:

jq -s --stream 'group_by(.[0]) | map({"key": .[0][0][0], "value": map(.[1])}) | from_entries'

  "a": [
  "b": [

For more complex outputs, that would require actually understanding how --stream is supposed to be used, which is beyond me.