dennismonsewicz dennismonsewicz - 22 days ago 6
Ruby Question

How do I compare two hashes?

I am trying to compare two Ruby Hashes using the following code:

#!/usr/bin/env ruby

require "yaml"
require "active_support"

file1 = YAML::load(File.open('./en_20110207.yml'))
file2 = YAML::load(File.open('./locales/en.yml'))

arr = []

file1.select { |k,v|
file2.select { |k2, v2|
arr << "#{v2}" if "#{v}" != "#{v2}"
}
}

puts arr


The output to the screen is the full file from file2. I know for a fact that the files are different, but the script doesn't seem to pick it up.

Answer

You can compare hashes directly for equality:

hash1 = {'a' => 1, 'b' => 2}
hash2 = {'a' => 1, 'b' => 2}
hash3 = {'a' => 1, 'b' => 2, 'c' => 3}

hash1 == hash2 # => true
hash1 == hash3 # => false

hash1.to_a == hash2.to_a # => true
hash1.to_a == hash3.to_a # => false


You can convert the hashes to arrays, then get their difference:

hash3.to_a - hash1.to_a # => [["c", 3]]

if (hash3.size > hash1.size)
  difference = hash3.to_a - hash1.to_a
else
  difference = hash1.to_a - hash3.to_a
end
Hash[*difference.flatten] # => {"c"=>3}

Simplifying further:

Assigning difference via a ternary structure:

  difference = (hash3.size > hash1.size) \
                ? hash3.to_a - hash1.to_a \
                : hash1.to_a - hash3.to_a
=> [["c", 3]]
  Hash[*difference.flatten] 
=> {"c"=>3}

Doing it all in one operation and getting rid of the difference variable:

  Hash[*(
  (hash3.size > hash1.size)    \
      ? hash3.to_a - hash1.to_a \
      : hash1.to_a - hash3.to_a
  ).flatten] 
=> {"c"=>3}