Matthew Herbst Matthew Herbst - 6 months ago 43
Javascript Question

Hot to get incomplete datetime-local input values

I have the following form on my page:

<input id='startDate' type='datetime-local' step=1 name='startDate'>


I use this code to get the value of the field:

var start = $('#startDate').val();


My problem is that the value of the input field remains undefined until every part of it has been filled out, including hours, minutes, seconds, and AM/PM. I would like to be able to get a value from the form with as little as just the year selected.

How can I go about doing this? I'm happy to zero out the values not filled out, but I can't figure out how to get the part of the datetime-local that the user did fill out.

I know I can do this using the timepicker addon for jQuery UI's datepicker, but I don't really want to go this route - I like the Chrome implementation significantly better.

Answer

The W3C Date State spec defines the sanitization algorithm:

  • The value sanitization algorithm is as follows: If the value of the element is not a valid date string, then set it to the empty string instead.

Which is invoked whenever setting the value of the input element, as defined in DOM input value spec:

  • On getting, it must return the current value of the element. On setting, it must set the element's value to the new value, set the element's dirty value flag to true, invoke the value sanitization algorithm, if the element's type attribute's current state defines one, and then, if the element has a text entry cursor position, should move the text entry cursor position to the end of the text field, unselecting any selected text and resetting the selection direction to none.

So the value property will always be an empty string when the date is not valid. There doesn't seem to be any property for "original/dirty/user-typed text value" specified as it is not a text input after all.

IMO it is a good thing, it facilitates form validation as invalid dates are treated as falsy values (empty strings), it also leaves browsers to more freely implement the UI for date inputs.

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