user1686765 user1686765 - 5 months ago 29
Java Question

Java BinarySearch

Can I get some help please? I have tried many methods to get this to work i got the array sorted and to print but after that my binary search function doesnt want to run and give me right results. It always gives me -1. Any help?

public class BinarySearch {
public static final int NOT_FOUND = -1;
public static int binarySearch(double[] a, double key) {
int low = 0;
int high = a.length -1;
int mid;
while (low<=high) {
mid = (low+high) /2;
if (mid > key)
high = mid -1;
else if (mid < key)
low = mid +1;
else
return mid;
}
return NOT_FOUND;
}
public static void main(String[] args) {
double key = 10.5, index;
double a[] ={10,5,4,10.5,30.5};
int i;
int l = a.length;
int j;
System.out.println("The array currently looks like");
for (i=0; i<a.length; i++)
System.out.println(a[i]);
System.out.println("The array after sorting looks like");
for (j=1; j < l; j++) {
for (i=0; i < l-j; i++) {
if (a[i] > a[i+1]) {
double temp = a[i];
a[i] = a[i+1];
a[i+1] = temp;
}
}
}
for (i=0;i < l;i++) {
System.out.println(a[i]);
}
System.out.println("Found " + key + " at " + binarySearch(double a[], key));
}
}

Answer

you are not actually comparing with the array values. in

while (low <= high) {
      mid = (low + high) / 2;
      if (mid > key) {
          high = mid - 1;
      } else if (mid < key) {
          low = mid + 1;
      } else {
          return mid;
      }
}

Instead use this section

    while (low <= high) {
        mid = (low + high) / 2;
        if (a[mid] > key) {
            high = mid - 1;
        } else if (a[mid] < key) {
            low = mid + 1;
        } else {
            return mid;
        }
    }

You were correct to find the indexes, but what you were doing is that you were just comparing index number with your key, which is obviously incorrect. When you write a[mid] you will actually compare your key with the number which is at index mid.

Also the last line of code is giving compile error, it should be

System.out.println("Found " + key + " at " + binarySearch(a, key));
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