blabus blabus - 11 days ago 7
iOS Question

Calculate the color at a given point on a gradient between two colors?

So this is essentially the method I would like to write (in Objective-C/Cocoa, using

UIColors
, but I'm really just interested in the underlying math):

+ (UIColor *)colorBetweenColor:(UIColor *)startColor andColor:(UIColor *)endColor atLocation:(CGFloat)location;


So as an example, say I have two colors, pure red and pure blue. Given a linear gradient between the two, I want to calculate the color that's at, say, the 33% mark on that gradient:
Example


So if I were to call my method like so:

UIColor *resultingColor = [UIColor colorBetweenColor:[UIColor redColor] andColor:[UIColor blueColor] atLocation:0.33f];


I would get the resulting color at 'B', and similarly, passing
0.0f
as the location would return color 'A', and
1.0f
would return color 'C'.

So basically my question is, how would I go about mixing the RGB values of two colors and determining the color at a certain 'location' between them?

Answer

You simply linearly interpolate the red, the green, and the blue channels like this:

double resultRed = color1.red + percent * (color2.red - color1.red);
double resultGreen = color1.green + percent * (color2.green - color1.green);
double resultBlue = color1.blue + percent * (color2.blue - color1.blue);

where percent is a value between 0 and 1 (location in your first method prototype).